Redfin Fourth-Quarter 2017 Revenue up 43% Year-over-Year to $95.8 Million

SEATTLE, Feb. 22, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Redfin Corporation (NASDAQ:RDFN), the technology-powered residential real estate brokerage, today announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2017. All financial measures, unless otherwise noted, are presented on a GAAP basis and include stock-based compensation as well as depreciation and amortization expenses.

Fourth Quarter 2017
Revenue increased 43% year-over-year to $95.8 million during the fourth quarter, including $5.1 million from Redfin Now(1). Gross profit was $29.2 million, an increase of 37% from $21.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2016. Gross margin was 30%, compared to 32% in the fourth quarter of 2016. Real estate gross profit was $29.7 million, an increase of 36% from $21.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2016. Real estate gross margin was 33%, consistent with the fourth quarter of 2016. Operating expenses were $31.5 million, an increase of 18% from $26.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2016. Operating expenses were 33% of revenue, down from 40% in the fourth quarter of 2016.

Net loss was $1.8 million, compared to net loss of $5.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2016. Stock-based compensation was $3.1 million, up from $2.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2016. Depreciation and amortization was $1.9 million, up from $1.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2016.

GAAP net loss per diluted share reflects either accretion income or expense for changes in the fair value of our redeemable convertible preferred stock, which was outstanding prior to its conversion to common stock following our initial public offering ("IPO"). GAAP net loss per diluted share of common stock was $0.02, compared to GAAP net loss per diluted share of common stock of $8.08 in the fourth quarter of 2016. Adjusted net loss per diluted share(2), which excludes accretion income or expense for changes in the fair value of our redeemable convertible preferred stock and assumes its conversion to common stock in connection with our IPO as of the first day of the reported period, was $0.08 in the fourth quarter of 2016. As a result of the conversion of our redeemable convertible preferred stock in connection with our IPO, there was no accretion income or expense in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Full Year 2017
Revenue increased 38% year-over-year to $370.0 million in 2017, including $10.5 million from Redfin Now. Gross profit was $111.8 million, an increase of 35% from $82.7 million in 2016. Gross margin was 30%, compared to 31% in 2016. Operating expenses were $127.8 million, an increase of 21% from $105.5 million in 2016. Operating expenses were 35% of revenue, down from 39% in 2016.

Net loss was $15.0 million, compared to net loss of $22.5 million in 2016. Stock-based compensation was $11.1 million, up from $8.4 million in 2016. Depreciation and amortization was $7.2 million, up from $6.3 million in 2016.

GAAP net loss per diluted share of common stock was $4.47, compared to GAAP net loss per diluted share of common stock of $5.42 in 2016. Adjusted net loss per diluted share was $0.20 in 2017, compared to adjusted net loss per diluted share of $0.32 in 2016.

“Redfin’s 2017 was a year of break-out traffic growth and new products,” said Redfin CEO Glenn Kelman. “A major strategic shift toward representing sellers as well as buyers expanded our market presence and influence. Most important, we continued to serve our customers better by far than other brokers.”

“In the fourth quarter, Redfin continued to accelerate its year-over-year gains in market-share, with revenue and net income above our guidance, even as the real estate market began to wane in the closing months of 2017,” continued Mr. Kelman. “We also strengthened our business at a more fundamental level, expanding Redfin Mortgage to new markets, launching a new premium service for home-selling customers, and shipping major upgrades to our agent software that we believe will over time improve both service quality and agent efficiency.”

Highlights

  • Reached market share of 0.71% of U.S. existing home sales by value in the fourth quarter of 2017, consistent with the third quarter of 2017 and an increase of 0.15 percentage points from the fourth quarter of 2016. The year-over-year gains were an acceleration from 0.14 percentage points for the third quarter of 2017, 0.11 points for the second quarter, and 0.10 points for the first quarter.(3)
  • Continued to drive strong traffic growth, with visitors to our website and mobile application increasing by 33% over the fourth quarter of 2016, and 40% for the full year. Redfin continues to be the fastest-growing top-10 U.S. real estate website.
  • Increased the percentage of home tours booked automatically with Redfin Book It Now software from 61% in the third quarter of 2017 to 79% in the fourth quarter. Book It Now gets homebuyers into homes faster and makes Redfin more efficient.
  • Expanded Redfin Mortgage from Texas to Illinois and Washington D.C., offering conforming mortgages and jumbo loans to Redfin homebuyers, with a 30-day closing guarantee. We believe integrating a lending operation with Redfin's existing brokerage and title businesses can ultimately lead to an entirely digital closing, which can be faster and less expensive than the traditional process.
  • Introduced the Redfin 1% listing fee to 18 additional markets, now reaching approximately 80% of Redfin customers across 25 markets total. The Redfin 1% listing fee saves customers $7,000 to $10,000 on a $500,000 home, compared to the typical listing fee of 2.5 to 3% with a traditional agent. The fee is subject to a minimum commission of $3,000 to $5,500, depending on the market, and does not include the buyer’s agent commission, which is typically paid by the seller. We plan to offset the lower listing fee by reducing the Redfin refund for buyers in markets where it’s offered.
  • Began experimenting with concierge-style home-selling service in Los Angeles and Washington D.C., in which Redfin coordinates, supervises and pays for services such as deep cleaning, staging and other cosmetic improvements, for an introductory 2% listing fee. Redfin Concierge Service is complementary to the in-person service and custom online marketing of Redfin’s current 1% listing service, and is available for homes priced at $500,000 or higher. Our goal is to use Redfin's cost advantage to appeal to customers who are more focused on convenience than price, by offering a level of service that we believe no brokerage has consistently offered before.
  • Expanded offer-writing software to Redfin agents in Maryland, in addition to Washington, D.C. and Virginia. Each new market where we launch Fast Offers requires an inordinate amount of customization based on dozens of different forms, local customs around earnest-money amounts, and other deal terms. Adding additional markets will take years, but in time we believe this software will let us move faster than any other broker, at lower cost, and with comprehensive data about what it takes to win in each neighborhood.
  • Increased new subscriptions to the Redfin Home Report by 107%, from 326,000 new subscriptions in the fourth quarter of 2016, to 676,000 new subscriptions in the fourth quarter of 2017. This report is a monthly email update to homeowners on the value of their home and sales activity in their neighborhood. It is one of the most effective ways that Redfin connects with homeowners before they are ready to sell or buy again. As of year-end 2017, there were more than 4 million subscriptions in all.
  • Saved Redfin homebuyers and sellers $29 million in the fourth quarter and $121 million in 2017, compared to a 2.5% commission typically charged by traditional agents.
  • Upgraded our software for Redfin agents, with a new calendar that shows an agent what's going on with each of her customers today, whether that's a home tour, a negotiating deadline or a closing. Other software released in the fourth quarter has also made it easier for Redfin Agents to see which customers most need attention, based on the customer's online search activity and agent interactions. We developed this software using the React JavaScript library pioneered by Facebook for high performance and easy porting from desktop browsers to native mobile applications. We know of no other brokerage taking such an aggressive approach to mobile software for ensuring that on-the-go agents deliver the right service to each customer.
  • Earned a Net Promoter Score, a measure of customer satisfaction, that is 52% higher than competing brokerages’, as measured in a Redfin-commissioned November 2017 survey of people who bought or sold a home in the previous 12 months. This was the fifth consecutive survey in which Redfin’s customer satisfaction was higher than our competitors’.
  • Grew the Redfin technology team from 30% women in 2016 to 32% in 2017. This percentage of women in technology roles is significantly higher than other major technology companies’ self-reported data. The area where Redfin needs to make more progress and where we are focusing now is increasing the percentage of black and Hispanic professionals. We continue to believe that diversity is a major recruiting and retention advantage in an intensely competitive talent market.

(1) Redfin Now is an experimental new service where we buy homes directly from homeowners and resell them to homebuyers. Revenue earned from selling homes previously purchased by Redfin Now is recorded at closing on a gross basis, representing the sales price of the home. For Redfin Now, cost of revenue includes the cost of homes such as the purchase price and capitalized improvements. There was no revenue from Redfin Now in any period prior to the three months ended June 30, 2017.

(2) "Adjusted net loss per diluted share" is a "non-GAAP financial measure" as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures is provided below in the tables included in this press release. An explanation of this measure is also included below under the heading "Non-GAAP Financial Measure".

(3) We calculate the aggregate value of U.S. home sales by multiplying the total number of U.S. home sales by the mean sale price of these sales, each as reported by the National Association of REALTORS®. We calculate our market share by aggregating the home value of real estate transactions conducted by our lead agents or our partner agents. Then, in order to account for both the sell- and buy-side components of each transaction, we divide that value by two-times the estimated aggregate value of U.S. home sales.

Business Outlook
The following forward-looking statements reflect Redfin's expectations as of February 22, 2018, and are subject to substantial uncertainty.

For the first quarter of 2018 we expect:

  • Revenue between $74.6 million and $78.4 million, representing year-over-year growth between 25% and 31% compared to the first quarter of 2017. Redfin Now revenue between $2.3 million and $3.1 million is included in the guidance provided.
  • Net loss between $38.7 million and $35.9 million, compared to net loss of $28.1 million in the first quarter of 2017. This guidance includes approximately $4.5 million of expected stock-based compensation and $1.8 million of expected depreciation and amortization.

Conference Call
Redfin will webcast a conference call to discuss the results at 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time today. The webcast will be open to the public at http://investors.redfin.com. The webcast will remain available on the investor relations website for approximately three months following the conference call.

Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws, including statements regarding our future operating results and financial position, business strategy and plans, product, service, and technology offerings, market conditions, growth and trends, and objectives for future operations, future expansion of our Redfin Fast Offers technology, expansion of Redfin's mortgage business, the potential integration of Redfin Mortgage with Redfin's existing brokerage and title businesses, including the prospect of a digital closing and any benefits thereof, our ability to offset lower listing fees in certain markets with reduced buyer refunds, technology driving long-term efficiency gains and service improvements, and statements under the header Business Outlook. We believe our expectations related to these forward-looking statements are reasonable, but actual results may turn out to be materially different. Please see our filings with the SEC for more information on the risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements in this press release. These risks include, among other things: that we operate in a seasonal and cyclical industry and may be affected by industry downturns; that we have a history of losses; and that our business is concentrated in certain geographic markets. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment, and new risks and uncertainties may emerge that could impact the forward-looking statements in this press release. Additional risks and uncertainties that could affect our financial results are included under the caption “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on February 22, 2018, which will be available on our Investor Relations website at http://investors.redfin.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. All forward-looking statements reflect our beliefs and assumptions only as of the date of this press release. We undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect future events or circumstances.

Non-GAAP Financial Measure
To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we have used a non-GAAP financial measure, specifically adjusted net loss per diluted share, in this press release. The presentation of this financial measure is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute of, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP.

We believe this non-GAAP financial measure enables comparison of financial results between periods where net loss per diluted share may vary independent of business performance.

There are limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as an analytical tool, in particular the adjustments to our GAAP financial measure reflect the exclusion of certain items, specifically the accretion income (expense) and the undistributed earnings to participating securities, both of which are related to our redeemable convertible preferred stock that converted into common stock upon the completion of our IPO in August 2017. Included in weighted-average shares outstanding, basic and diluted, are shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock as if all such shares were converted to common stock on the first date of each period presented. This measure may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting its usefulness for comparison purposes. A reconciliation of adjusted net loss per diluted share to net loss per diluted share has been provided in the financial statement tables included in this press release, and investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation.

About Redfin
Redfin Corporation (www.redfin.com) is the technology-powered, residential real estate brokerage. Founded by software engineers, we run the country's #1 most-visited brokerage website and offer a host of online tools to consumers, including the Redfin Estimate. We represent people buying and selling homes in over 80 markets throughout the United States. Our mission is to redefine real estate in the consumer’s favor. In a commission-driven industry, we put the customer first. We do this by pairing our own agents with our own technology to create a service that is faster, better, and costs less. Since our launch in 2006 through 2017, we have helped customers buy or sell more than 120,000 homes worth more than $60 billion.

Contacts

Investor Relations
Elena Perron, 206-576-8333
ir@redfin.com

Public Relations
Jani Strand or Rachel Musiker, 206-588-6863
press@redfin.com

 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
    
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 Year End December 31,
 2016 2017 2016 2017
        
Revenue$66,782  $95,754  $267,196  $370,036 
Cost of revenue45,497  66,583  184,452  258,216 
Gross profit21,285  29,171  82,744  111,820 
Operating expenses:       
Technology and development8,849  11,287  34,588  42,532 
Marketing5,438  6,072  28,571  32,251 
General and administrative12,421  14,181  42,369  53,009 
Total operating expenses26,708  31,540  105,528  127,792 
Income (loss) from operations(5,423) (2,369) (22,784) (15,972)
Interest income and other income, net:       
Interest income40  495  173  882 
Other income, net48  76  85  88 
Total interest income and other income, net88  571  258  970 
Net income (loss)$(5,335) $(1,798) $(22,526) $(15,002)
Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock$(112,321) $  $(55,502) $(175,915)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock—basic and diluted$(117,656) $(1,798) $(78,028) $(190,917)
Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stock—basic and diluted$(8.08) $(0.02) $(5.42) $(4.47)
Weighted average shares used to compute net income (loss) per share attributable to common stock—basic and diluted14,559,606  81,428,862  14,395,067  42,722,114 
            

(1) Includes stock-based compensation as follows:

 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 Year End December 31,
 2016 2017 2016 2017
        
Cost of revenue$677  $774  $2,266  $2,902 
Technology and development730  1,024  2,383  3,325 
Marketing133  124  469  487 
General and administrative983  1,151  3,295  4,387 
Total$2,523  $3,073  $8,413  $11,101 
                


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
  
 December 31,
 2016 2017
    
Assets:   
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$64,030  $208,342 
Restricted cash3,815  4,316 
Short-term investments1,749   
Prepaid expenses4,388  8,613 
Accrued revenue, net10,625  13,334 
Other current assets8,781  3,710 
Loans held for sale  1,891 
Total current assets93,388  240,206 
Property and equipment, net19,226  22,318 
Intangible assets, net3,782  3,294 
Goodwill9,186  9,186 
Deferred offering costs720   
Other assets7,175  6,951 
Total assets:$133,477  $281,955 
Liabilities, redeemable convertible preferred stock and stockholders' equity/(deficit):   
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable$5,385  $1,901 
Accrued liabilities22,253  26,605 
Other payables3,793  4,068 
Loan facility  2,016 
Current portion of deferred rent1,512  1,267 
Total current liabilities32,943  35,857 
Deferred rent, net of current portion8,852  10,668 
Total liabilities41,795  46,525 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)   
Redeemable convertible preferred stock—par value $0.001 per share; As of December 31, 2016: 166,266,114 shares authorized; 55,422,002 issued and outstanding; and aggregate liquidation preference of $167,488. As of December 31, 2017: no shares authorized, issued, and outstanding655,416   
Stockholders’ equity/(deficit):   
Common stock—par value $0.001 per share; 290,081,638 and 500,000,000 shares authorized, respectively; 14,687,024 and 81,468,891 shares issued and outstanding, respectively15  81 
Preferred stock—par value $0.001 per share; As of December 31, 2016: no shares authorized, issued and outstanding. As of December 31, 2017: 10,000,000 shares authorized and no shares issued and outstanding   
Additional paid-in capital  364,352 
Accumulated deficit(563,749) (129,003)
Total stockholders’ equity/(deficit)(563,734) 235,430 
Total liabilities, redeemable convertible preferred stock and stockholders’ equity/(deficit):$133,477  $281,955 
        


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
  
 Year End December 31,
 2016 2017
    
Operating Activities 
Net income (loss)$(22,526) $(15,002)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization6,293  7,176 
Stock-based compensation8,413  11,101 
Change in assets and liabilities:   
Prepaid expenses2,244  (4,225)
Accrued revenue(5,021) (2,709)
Other current assets(8,778) 5,070 
Other long-term assets(5,964) 223 
Accounts payable638  (252)
Accrued expenses6,581  5,115 
Deferred lease liability8,768  749 
Origination of loans held for sale  (11,008)
Proceeds from sale of loans held for sale  9,117 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities(9,352) 5,355 
Investing activities   
Sales and maturities of short-term investments1,744  2,741 
Purchases of short-term investments(1,744) (992)
Purchases of property and equipment(13,567) (12,113)
Net cash used in investing activities(13,567) (10,364)
Financing activities   
Proceeds from exercise of stock options1,495  3,003 
Payment of initial public offering costs(150) (3,558)
Proceeds from initial public offering, net of underwriting discounts  148,088 
Borrowings from warehouse credit facilities  10,746 
Repayments of warehouse credit facilities  (8,730)
Other payables - customer escrow deposits related to title services399  273 
Net cash provided by financing activities1,744  149,822 
Net change in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(21,175) 144,813 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash:   
Beginning of period89,020  67,845 
End of period$67,845  $212,658 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities   
Conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock to common stock$  $831,331 
Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock$(55,502) $(175,915)
Stock-based compensation capitalized in property and equipment$(100) $(268)
Deferred initial public offering cost accruals$(570) $ 
Property and equipment additions in accounts payable and accrued expenses$(3,466) $(31)
Leasehold improvements paid directly by lessor$(520) $(822)
        


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Financial Information and Business Metrics
(unaudited)
    
 Three Months Ended Twelve Months Ended
 Dec.
31,
2015
 Mar.
31,
2016
 June
30,
2016
 Sep.
30,
2016
 Dec.
31,
2016
 Mar.
31,
2017
 June
30,
2017
 Sep.
30,
2017
 Dec.
31,
2017
 Dec.
31,
2015
 Dec.
31,
2016
 Dec.
31,
2017
                        
Monthly average visitors (in thousands)11,142  13,987  17,021  17,795  16,058  20,162  24,400  24,518  21,377  11,705  16,215  22,623 
Real estate transactions:                       
Brokerage4,510  4,005
  7,497
  7,934
  6,432
  5,692
  10,221
  10,527
  8,598
  18,586
  25,868
  35,038
 
Partner2,273  1,936
  2,602
  2,663
  2,281
  2,041
  2,874
  3,101
  2,739
  8,906
  9,482
  10,755
 
Total6,783  5,941
  10,099
  10,597
  8,713
  7,733
  13,095
  13,628
  11,337
  27,492
  35,350
  45,793
 
Real estate revenue per real estate transaction:                       
Brokerage$9,242  $9,485  $9,524  $9,333  $9,428  $9,570  $9,301  $9,289  $9,659  $9,215  $9,436  $9,429 
Partner1,177  1,224  1,633  1,932  1,991  1,911  1,945  1,960  2,056  1,142  1,719  1,971 
Aggregate$6,539  $6,793  $7,491  $7,474  $7,481  $7,548  $7,687  $7,621  $7,822  $6,600  $7,366  $7,677 
Aggregate home value of real estate transactions (in millions)$2,984  $2,599  $4,684  $4,898  $4,018  $3,470  $6,119  $6,341  $5,350  $12,296  $16,199  $21,280 
U.S. market share by value0.46% 0.48% 0.53% 0.57% 0.56% 0.58% 0.64% 0.71% 0.71% 0.44% 0.54% 0.67%
Revenue from top-10 Redfin markets as a percentage of real estate revenue73% 71% 74% 72% 71% 68% 69% 69% 69% 76% 72% 69%
Average number of lead agents667  743  756  756  796  935  1,010  1,028  1,118  591  763  1,023 
                                    


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Financial Information
(in thousands, unaudited)
    
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 Year End December 31,
 2016 2017 2016 2017
        
Revenue by segment:       
Brokerage revenue$60,639  $83,045  $244,079  $330,372 
Partner revenue4,541  5,631  16,304  21,198 
Total real estate revenue65,180  88,676  260,383  351,570 
Other revenue1,602  7,078  6,813  18,466 
Total revenue$66,782  $95,754  $267,196  $370,036 
        
Cost of revenue by segment:       
Real estate cost of revenue$43,418  $58,982  $176,408  $237,832 
Other cost of revenue2,079  7,601  8,044  20,384 
Total cost of revenue$45,497  $66,583  $184,452  $258,216 
        
Gross profit by segment:       
Real estate gross profit$21,762  $29,694  $83,975  $113,738 
Other gross profit(477) (523) (1,231) (1,918)
Total gross profit$21,285  $29,171  $82,744  $111,820 
                


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP Financial Measures
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts, unaudited)
    
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 Year End December 31,
 2016 2017 2016 2017
        
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock, as reported$(117,656) $(1,798) $(78,028) $(190,917)
Adjustments:       
Add-back: Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock112,321    55,502  175,915 
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock, adjusted$(5,335) $(1,798) $(22,526) $(15,002)
Non-GAAP net income (loss) per share - basic and diluted$(0.08) $(0.02) $(0.32) $(0.20)
Weighted-average shares used to compute non-GAAP net income per share — basic and diluted69,981,608  81,428,862  69,817,069  75,064,269 
        
Reconciliation of weighted-average shares used to compute net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders, from GAAP to non-GAAP —basic and diluted:       
        
Weighted-average shares used to compute GAAP net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders — basic and diluted14,559,606  81,428,862  14,395,067  42,722,114 
Adjustments:       
Conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock as of beginning of period presented55,422,002    55,422,002  32,342,155 
Weighted-average shares used to compute non-GAAP net income per share — basic and diluted69,981,608  81,428,862  69,817,069  75,064,269 
            

 

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