Redfin First-Quarter 2018 Revenue up 33% Year-over-Year to $79.9 Million

SEATTLE, May 10, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Redfin Corporation (NASDAQ:RDFN), the technology-powered residential real estate brokerage, today announced financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2018. All financial measures, unless otherwise noted, are presented on a GAAP basis and include stock-based compensation as well as depreciation and amortization expenses.

Revenue increased 33% year-over-year to $79.9 million during the first quarter, including $3.1 million from Redfin Now(1). Gross profit was $5.7 million, a decrease of 11% from $6.4 million in the first quarter of 2017. Gross margin was 7%, compared to 11% in the first quarter of 2017. Real estate gross profit was $6.8 million, a decrease of 6% from $7.2 million in the first quarter of 2017. Real estate gross margin was 9%, compared to 12% in the first quarter of 2017. Operating expenses were $42.9 million, an increase of 24% from $34.5 million in the first quarter of 2017. Operating expenses were 54% of revenue, down from 58% in the first quarter of 2017.

Net loss was $36.4 million, compared to net loss of $28.1 million in the first quarter of 2017. Stock-based compensation was $4.2 million, up from $2.7 million in the first quarter of 2017. Depreciation and amortization was $2.0 million, up from $1.9 million in the first quarter of 2017.

GAAP net loss per diluted share reflects accretion expense for changes in the fair value of our redeemable convertible preferred stock, which was outstanding prior to its conversion to common stock following our initial public offering ("IPO"). GAAP net loss per diluted share of common stock was $0.44, compared to GAAP net loss per diluted share of common stock of $3.58 in the first quarter of 2017. Adjusted net loss per diluted share(2), which excludes accretion expense for changes in the fair value of our redeemable convertible preferred stock and assumes its conversion to common stock in connection with our IPO as of the first day of the reported period, was $0.40 in the first quarter of 2017. As a result of the conversion of our redeemable convertible preferred stock in connection with our IPO, there was no accretion expense in the first quarter of 2018.

“In the first quarter of 2018, Redfin maintained the elevated market-share growth we saw last quarter, with revenue above our guidance range, and net income near the top of our guidance range," said Redfin CEO Glenn Kelman. "What drove that growth is the power of our 1% pricing for listing a home. Being able to sell homes for more money at a lower fee is a major competitive advantage, and it’s easy for consumers to understand. In the first quarter, we advertised it more broadly than ever before. If this formula of low fees, happy customers and increased advertising keeps working, the result will be not just more Redfin listings, but a better online marketplace. Several new businesses also had strong sales, which we believe can develop into major sources of growth for us not just over the next few years, but for the next decade.”

Highlights

  • Reached market share of .73% of U.S. existing home sales by value in the first quarter of 2018, an increase of .02 percentage points from the fourth quarter of 2017, and an increase of .15 percentage points from the first quarter of 2017.(3)
  • Continued to drive strong traffic growth, with visitors to our website and mobile applications increasing by 28% over the first quarter of 2017.
  • Launched advertising campaign in 12 markets, including television, digital video, radio and outdoor media. The campaign is expected to run through May 2018.
  • Increased the percentage of home tours booked automatically with Redfin Book It Now software from 79% in the fourth quarter of 2017 to 83% in the first quarter of 2018. Book It Now gets homebuyers into homes faster and makes Redfin more efficient.
  • Added the Redfin “Hot Homes” feature to 46 Redfin markets, for a total of 61 markets nationwide. Hot Homes identifies which homes for sale are likely to sell quickly, which is useful for buyers in the fast-moving, competitive environment of most major housing markets today. Homes are deemed Hot when Redfin’s proprietary algorithm calculates that there is an 80% chance of that home having an accepted offer within two weeks of its debut.
  • Expanded Redfin Mortgage to Minnesota, Pennsylvania and Virginia, now serving homebuyers in a total of six states, with plans to launch in additional states in the coming months. Redfin Mortgage is part of the long-term vision of integrating lending with Redfin's existing brokerage and title businesses, ultimately leading to an entirely digital closing.
  • Introduced the Redfin 1% listing fee to home sellers across the San Francisco Bay Area, subject to a minimum of $5,500. Sellers typically pay their listing agent a commission of 2.5 to 3% of the home's sale price. With the Redfin 1% listing fee, sellers will save between $15,000 and $20,000 on a $1,000,000 home sale. The 1% listing fee does not include buyer's agent commission, which is typically 2 to 3% and paid by the seller.
  • Issued a comprehensive report comparing Redfin real estate agent pay to the pay of real estate agents at other brokerages. The study showed that Redfin agents earned more than double that of traditional agents in 2017, in addition to healthcare benefits, paid time off and parental leave. Employing and retaining the best real estate agents and paying them well is a major part of how Redfin will deliver the best real estate service to consumers.
  • Released gender pay data for Redfin employees across 10 job categories with at least two women and two men in each category. The data showed no major pay gap between women and men, in large part because the company tries to be rigorous about paying employees based on objective guidelines.

(1) Redfin Now is an experimental new service where we buy homes directly from homeowners and resell them to homebuyers. Revenue earned from selling homes previously purchased by Redfin Now is recorded at closing on a gross basis, representing the sales price of the home. For Redfin Now, cost of revenue includes the cost of homes such as the purchase price and capitalized improvements. There was no revenue from Redfin Now in any period prior to the three months ended June 30, 2017.

(2) "Adjusted net loss per diluted share" is a "non-GAAP financial measure" as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures is provided below in the tables included in this press release. An explanation of this measure is also included below under the heading "Non-GAAP Financial Measure".

(3) We calculate the aggregate value of U.S. home sales by multiplying the total number of U.S. home sales by the mean sale price of these sales, each as reported by the National Association of REALTORS®. We calculate our market share by aggregating the home value of real estate transactions conducted by our lead agents or our partner agents. Then, in order to account for both the sell- and buy-side components of each transaction, we divide that value by two-times the estimated aggregate value of U.S. home sales.

Business Outlook

The following forward-looking statements reflect Redfin's expectations as of May 10, 2018, and are subject to substantial uncertainty.

For the second quarter of 2018 we expect:

  • Revenue between $134.8 million and $139.1 million, representing year-over-year growth between 29% and 33% compared to the second quarter of 2017. Redfin Now revenue between $5.2 million and $6.2 million is included in the guidance provided.
  • Net income between $(1.0) million and $1.5 million, compared to net income of $4.3 million in the second quarter of 2017. This guidance includes approximately $4.8 million of expected stock-based compensation and $2.0 million of expected depreciation and amortization.

Conference Call

Redfin will webcast a conference call to discuss the results at 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time today. The webcast will be open to the public at http://investors.redfin.com. The webcast will remain available on the investor relations website for at least three months following the conference call.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws, including statements regarding our future operating results included under the header Business Outlook. We believe our expectations related to these forward-looking statements are reasonable, but actual results may turn out to be materially different. Please see our filings with the SEC for more information on the risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements in this press release. These risks include, among other things: that we operate in a seasonal and cyclical industry and may be affected by industry downturns; that we have a history of losses; and that our business is concentrated in certain geographic markets. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment, and new risks and uncertainties may emerge that could impact the forward-looking statements in this press release. Additional risks and uncertainties that could affect our financial results are included under the caption “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as supplemented by our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2018, both of which are available on our Investor Relations website at http://investors.redfin.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. All forward-looking statements reflect our beliefs and assumptions only as of the date of this press release. We undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect future events or circumstances.

Non-GAAP Financial Measure

To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we have used a non-GAAP financial measure, specifically adjusted net loss per diluted share, in this press release. The presentation of this financial measure is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute of, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP.

We believe this non-GAAP financial measure enables comparison of financial results between periods where net loss per diluted share may vary independent of business performance.

There are limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as an analytical tool, in particular the adjustments to our GAAP financial measure reflect the exclusion of accretion expense, which is related to our redeemable convertible preferred stock that converted into common stock upon the completion of our IPO in August 2017. Included in weighted-average shares outstanding, basic and diluted, are shares of redeemable convertible preferred stock as if all such shares were converted to common stock on the first date of each period presented. This measure may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting its usefulness for comparison purposes. A reconciliation of adjusted net loss per diluted share to net loss per diluted share has been provided in the financial statement tables included in this press release, and investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation.

About Redfin

Redfin Corporation (www.redfin.com) is the technology-powered, residential real estate brokerage. Founded by software engineers, we run the country's #1 most-visited brokerage website and offer a host of online tools to consumers, including the Redfin Estimate. We represent people buying and selling homes in over 80 markets throughout the United States. Our mission is to redefine real estate in the consumer’s favor. In a commission-driven industry, we put the customer first. We do this by pairing our own agents with our own technology to create a service that is faster, better, and costs less. Since our launch in 2006 through 2017, we have helped customers buy or sell more than 120,000 homes worth more than $60 billion.

Redfin-F

Contacts

Investor Relations
Elena Perron, 206-576-8610
ir@redfin.com

Public Relations
Jani Strand or Rachel Musiker, 206-588-6863
press@redfin.com

 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
  
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 2018 2017
    
Revenue$79,893  $59,868 
Cost of revenue(1)74,197  53,492 
Gross profit5,696  6,376 
Operating expenses:   
Technology and development(1)12,762  9,672 
Marketing(1)13,336  10,459 
General and administrative(1)16,772  14,367 
Total operating expenses42,870  34,498 
Income (loss) from operations(37,174) (28,122)
Interest income and other income, net:   
Interest income577  43 
Other income, net158  13 
Total interest income and other income, net735  56 
Net income (loss)$(36,439) $(28,066)
Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock$  $(24,770)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock—basic and diluted$(36,439) $(52,836)
Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stock—basic and diluted$(0.44) $(3.58)
Weighted average shares used to compute net income (loss) per share attributable to common stock—basic and diluted82,010,913  14,767,478 
      

(1) Includes stock-based compensation as follows:

 Three Months Ended March 31,
 2018 2017
    
Cost of revenue$1,300  $714 
Technology and development1,473  731 
Marketing119  119 
General and administrative1,304  1,117 
Total$4,196  $2,681 
        


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
    
 March 31, 2018 December 31, 2017
    
Assets:   
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$190,773  $208,342 
Restricted cash11,124  4,316 
Prepaid expenses4,761  8,613 
Accrued revenue, net12,093  13,334 
Other current assets7,427  3,710 
Loans held for sale1,482  1,891 
Total current assets227,660  240,206 
Property and equipment, net22,879  22,318 
Intangible assets, net3,172  3,294 
Goodwill9,186  9,186 
Other assets7,053  6,951 
Total assets:269,950  281,955 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity:   
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable2,929  1,901 
Accrued liabilities33,866  26,605 
Other payables10,876  4,068 
Loan facility1,357  2,016 
Current portion of deferred rent1,332  1,267 
Total current liabilities50,360  35,857 
Deferred rent, net of current portion10,335  10,668 
Total liabilities60,695  46,525 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)   
Stockholders’ equity:   
Common stock—par value $0.001 per share; 500,000,000 shares authorized; 82,672,592 and 81,468,891 shares issued and outstanding, respectively83  81 
Preferred stock—par value $0.001 per share; 10,000,000 shares authorized and no shares issued and outstanding   
Additional paid-in capital374,614  364,352 
Accumulated deficit(165,442) (129,003)
Total stockholders’ equity209,255  235,430 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity:$269,950  $281,955 
        


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
  
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 2018 2017
    
Operating activities   
Net loss$(36,439) $(28,066)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization2,003  1,905 
Stock-based compensation4,196  2,681 
Change in assets and liabilities:   
Prepaid expenses3,852  1,086 
Accrued revenue1,241  (1,650)
Other current assets(3,661) (1,582)
Other long-term assets(103) 384 
Accounts payable1,029  (2,912)
Accrued liabilities7,248  5,839 
Deferred lease liability(268) 501 
Origination of loans held for sale(9,477)  
Proceeds from sale of loans originated as held for sale9,887   
Net cash used in operating activities(20,492) (21,814)
Investing activities   
Maturities and sales of short-term investments  1,251 
Purchases of short-term investments  (1,252)
Purchases of property and equipment(2,305) (4,781)
Net cash used in investing activities(2,305) (4,782)
Financing activities   
Proceeds from exercise of stock options5,946  551 
Tax payment related to net share settlements on restricted stock units(59)  
Payment of initial public offering costs  (1,579)
Borrowings from warehouse credit facilities9,265   
Repayments of warehouse credit facilities(9,924)  
Other payables - customer escrow deposits related to title services6,808  4,651 
Net cash provided by financing activities12,036  3,623 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash(10,761) (22,973)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash:   
Beginning of period212,658  67,845 
End of period$201,897  $44,872 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities   
Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock$  $(24,770)
Stock-based compensation capitalized in property and equipment$(124) $(74)
Initial public offering cost accruals$  $(190)
Property and equipment additions in accounts payable and accrued expenses$(55) $(37)
Leasehold improvements paid directly by lessor$  $(104)
Cash-in-transit for exercised stock options$(56) $ 
        


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Financial Information and Business Metrics
(unaudited)
  
 Three Months Ended
 Mar.
31,
2018
 Dec.
31,
2017
 Sep.
30,
2017
 Jun.
30,
2017
 Mar.
31,
2017
 Dec.
31,
2016
 Sep.
30,
2016
 Jun.
30,
2016
 Mar.
31,
2016
                  
Monthly average visitors (in thousands)25,820  21,377  24,518  24,400  20,162  16,058  17,795  17,021  13,987 
Real estate transactions:                 
Brokerage7,285  8,598  10,527  10,221  5,692  6,432  7,934  7,497  4,005 
Partner2,237  2,739  3,101  2,874  2,041  2,281  2,663  2,602  1,936 
Total9,522  11,337  13,628  13,095  7,733  8,713  10,597  10,099  5,941 
                  
Real estate revenue per real estate transaction:                 
Brokerage$9,628  $9,659  $9,289  $9,301  $9,570  $9,428  $9,333  $9,524  $9,485 
Partner2,137  2,056  1,960  1,945  1,911  1,991  1,932  1,633  1,224 
Aggregate$7,869  $7,822  $7,621  $7,687  $7,548  $7,481  $7,474  $7,491  $6,793 
                  
Aggregate home value of real estate transactions (in millions)$4,424  $5,350  $6,341  $6,119  $3,470  $4,018  $4,898  $4,684  $2,599 
U.S. market share by value0.73% 0.71% 0.71% 0.64% 0.58% 0.56% 0.57% 0.53% 0.48%
Revenue from top-10 Redfin markets as a percentage of real estate revenue66% 69% 69% 69% 68% 71% 72% 74% 71%
Average number of lead agents1,327  1,118  1,028  1,010  935  796  756  756  743 
                           


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Supplemental Financial Information
(in thousands, unaudited)
  
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 2018 2017
    
Revenue by segment:   
Brokerage revenue$70,143  $54,471 
Partner revenue4,781  3,900 
Total real estate revenue74,924  58,371 
Other revenue4,969  1,496 
Total revenue$79,893  $59,867 
    
Cost of revenue by segment:   
Real estate cost of revenue$68,164  $51,156 
Other cost of revenue6,033  2,336 
Total cost of revenue$74,197  $53,492 
    
Gross profit by segment:   
Real estate gross profit$6,760  $7,216 
Other gross profit(1,064) (840)
Total gross profit$5,696  $6,376 
        


 
Redfin Corporation and Subsidiaries
Reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP Financial Measures
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts, unaudited)
  
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 2018* 2017
    
Net loss attributable to common stock, as reported$(36,439) $(52,836)
Adjustments:   
Add-back: Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock  24,770 
Net loss attributable to common stock, adjusted$(36,439) $(28,066)
Non-GAAP adjusted net loss per share - basic and diluted$(0.44) $(0.40)
Weighted-average shares used to compute non-GAAP adjusted net loss per share — basic and diluted82,010,913  70,189,480 
    
Reconciliation of weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, from GAAP to non-GAAP —basic and diluted:   
    
Weighted-average shares used to compute GAAP net loss per share attributable to common stockholders — basic and diluted82,010,913  14,767,478 
Conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock as of beginning of period presented  55,422,002 
Weighted-average shares used to compute non-GAAP adjusted net loss per share — basic and diluted82,010,913  70,189,480 
      

*  All amounts for 2018 are presented on a GAAP basis and included for comparative purposes.

 

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