Cincinnati Financial Reports Second-Quarter 2020 Results

CINCINNATI, July 27, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Cincinnati Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: CINF) today reported:

  • Second-quarter 2020 net income of $909 million, or $5.63 per share, compared with $428 million, or $2.59 per share, in the second quarter of 2019, after recognizing an $825 million second-quarter 2020 increase in the fair value of equity securities still held.
  • $69 million or 49% decrease in non-GAAP operating income* to $71 million, or 44 cents per share, compared with $140 million, or 85 cents per share, in the second quarter of last year.
  • $481 million increase in second-quarter 2020 net income, primarily due to the after-tax net effect of a $550 million increase in net investment gains partially offset by a $70 million decrease in after-tax property casualty underwriting income, including $79 million from catastrophe losses related to weather or civil unrest.
  • $57.56 book value per share at June 30, 2020, down $2.99 or 5.0% since year-end.
  • Negative 3.0% value creation ratio for the first six months of 2020, compared with positive 18.6% for the same period of 2019.

Financial Highlights



(Dollars in millions, except per share data)

Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


% Change


2020


2019


% Change


Revenue Data














   Earned premiums


$

1,482



$

1,384



7


$

2,938



$

2,717



8



   Investment income, net of expenses


166



160



4


331



317



4



   Total revenues


2,714



1,913



42


2,615



4,072



(36)



Income Statement Data















   Net income (loss)


$

909



$

428



112


$

(317)



$

1,123



nm



   Investment gains and losses, after-tax


838



288



191


(525)



811



nm



   Non-GAAP operating income*


$

71



$

140



(49)


$

208



$

312



(33)



Per Share Data (diluted)














   Net income (loss)


$

5.63



$

2.59



117


$

(1.96)



$

6.81



nm



   Investment gains and losses, after-tax


5.19



1.74



198


(3.25)



4.92



nm



   Non-GAAP operating income*


$

0.44



$

0.85



(48)


$

1.29



$

1.89



(32)

















   Book value








$

57.56



$

55.92



3



   Cash dividend declared


$

0.60



$

0.56



7


$

1.20



$

1.12



7



   Diluted weighted average shares outstanding


161.5



165.2



(2)


161.5



164.9



(2)


















The Definitions of Non-GAAP Information and Reconciliation to Comparable GAAP Measures defines and reconciles measures presented in this release that are not based on U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.


Forward-looking statements and related assumptions are subject to the risks outlined in the company's safe harbor statement.

Insurance Operations Highlights

  • 103.1% second-quarter 2020 property casualty combined ratio, up from 96.5% for the second quarter of 2019.
  • 6% growth in second-quarter net written premiums, reflecting price increases and premium growth initiatives.
  • $210 million second-quarter 2020 property casualty new business written premiums, down 1%. Agencies appointed since the beginning of 2019 contributed $17 million or 8% of total new business written premiums.
  • $12 million second-quarter 2020 life insurance subsidiary net income, up $4 million from the second quarter of 2019, and 9% growth in second-quarter 2020 term life insurance earned premiums.

Investment and Balance Sheet Highlights

  • 4% or $6 million increase in second-quarter 2020 pretax investment income, including a 6% increase for stock portfolio dividends and a 3% increase for bond interest income.
  • Three-month increase of 9% in fair value of total investments at June 30, 2020, including a 18% increase for the stock portfolio and a 5% increase for the bond portfolio.
  • $3.074 billion parent company cash and marketable securities at June 30, 2020, down 7% from year-end 2019.

Focused on Business Fundamentals
Steven J. Johnston, chairman, president and CEO, commented: "Against the backdrop of a challenging second quarter, we continued to be a source of stability for our agents and policyholders.

"Our efforts, along with those of our insurance industry peers, have helped affected communities build themselves back up. Together, we are helping our policyholders quickly get back to business in the wake of weather and civil unrest-related catastrophes. These two types of catastrophes demonstrate the power of spreading risk – as insurance was designed to do. By pooling premiums for covered risks that are limited in duration and geography, the industry can help businesses and families restore lives and livelihoods.

"For our company, $231 million of catastrophe-related losses, plus $65 million of pandemic-related loss and expense effects, resulted in an underwriting loss of $41 million in the second quarter. As previously announced, the impact of catastrophe losses this quarter was higher than our five-year second-quarter average of 9.8 points. Catastrophes accounted for 16.5 points of our 103.1% second-quarter combined ratio and 12.8 points of our 100.8% six-month combined ratio.

"Keeping focused on our business fundamentals allowed us to continue enhancing our core underwriting book as measured by our six-month combined ratio before catastrophe losses and before development of reserves for prior accident years. At a satisfactory 90.4%, that ratio improved 1.9 points over the same period last year.

"Through the first half of 2020 our property casualty net written premiums grew 8%, reflecting strong renewal pricing. While we continue to use sophisticated data models and experienced underwriter judgement to charge an appropriate price for each risk, on average commercial, personal and excess insurance pricing rose at a percentage in the mid-single digits."

Accounting Rule Creates Volatility in Results
"Our net income for the second quarter of 2020 again experienced a dramatic swing, more than doubling our 2019 quarterly result, due mainly to an increase in the fair value of equity securities we still hold.

"To reiterate, we believe that the 2018 Financial Accounting Standards Board's rule change to include changes in unrealized investment gains of equity investment securities as a part of net income continues to produce increased volatility in the company's results and can cause confusion for investors.

"At June 30, our book value per share – at $57.56 – is down 5.0% compared with year-end 2019. While it wasn't enough to recoup the entire effect of lower valuation in securities markets we experienced at the end of March, the rebound in our equity portfolio helped to improve book value by $7.54 compared with March 31, 2020.

"Looking ahead, we are maintaining a long-term perspective with our investment philosophy and aren't swayed by periodic market volatility. We remain focused on our insurance business and are confident it's in excellent shape to provide cash for investment and earnings that support future shareholder dividends and add to book value. Our dedicated team, and experienced and professional claims associates coupled with our robust business continuity plans have positioned us to proactively manage risks and promptly pay covered claims, all while delivering long-term value for our shareholders."

Insurance Operations Highlights


Consolidated Property Casualty Insurance Results


(Dollars in millions)


Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


% Change


2020


2019



% Change


Earned premiums


$

1,403



$

1,317



7



$

2,792



$

2,584




8



Fee revenues


2



2



0



5



5




0



   Total revenues


1,405



1,319



7



2,797



2,589




8



















Loss and loss expenses


1,007



863



17



1,937



1,653




17



Underwriting expenses


439



408



8



877



797




10



   Underwriting profit (loss)


$

(41)



$

48



nm



$

(17)



$

139




nm


















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change







Pt. Change


     Loss and loss expenses


71.8

%


65.6

%


6.2



69.4

%


64.0

%



5.4



     Underwriting expenses


31.3



30.9



0.4



31.4



30.8




0.6



           Combined ratio


103.1

%


96.5

%


6.6



100.8

%


94.8

%



6.0
























% Change







% Change


Agency renewal written premiums


$

1,244



$

1,186



5



$

2,442



$

2,316




5



Agency new business written premiums


210



212



(1)



425



393




8



Other written premiums


105



78



35



210



148




42



   Net written premiums


$

1,559



$

1,476



6



$

3,077



$

2,857




8


















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change







Pt. Change


     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


58.2

%


60.9

%


(2.7)



59.0

%


61.5

%



(2.5)



     Current accident year catastrophe losses


16.9



11.1



5.8



13.2



8.4




4.8



     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


(2.9)



(5.3)



2.4



(2.4)



(5.4)




3.0



     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


(0.4)



(1.1)



0.7



(0.4)



(0.5)




0.1



           Loss and loss expense ratio


71.8

%


65.6

%


6.2



69.4

%


64.0

%



5.4


















Current accident year combined ratio before
  catastrophe losses


89.5

%


91.8

%


(2.3)



90.4

%


92.3

%



(1.9)


















 

  • $83 million or 6% growth of second-quarter 2020 property casualty net written premiums, and six-month growth of 8%, reflecting premium growth initiatives and price increases. Second-quarter growth included a contribution of 1% from the combination of Cincinnati Re® and Cincinnati Global Underwriting Ltd.SM.
  • $2 million or 1% decrease in second-quarter 2020 new business premiums written by agencies. The decrease reflected pandemic-related slowing of submissions from agents, partially offset by a $17 million increase in standard market property casualty production from agencies appointed since the beginning of 2019.
  • 95 new agency appointments in the first six months of 2020, including 23 that market only our personal lines products.
  • 6.6 percentage-point increase in the second-quarter 2020 combined ratio and a 6.0 percentage-point increase for the six-month period. The higher combined ratios included increases of 6.5 points and 4.9 points for losses from catastrophes plus 4.6 points and 2.5 points of pandemic-related losses or expenses, respectively.
  • 3.3 percentage-point second-quarter 2020 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development of $47 million, compared with 6.4 points or $84 million for second-quarter 2019.
  • 2.8 percentage-point six-month 2020 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development, compared with 5.9 points for the first six months of 2019.
  • 2.5 percentage-point improvement, to 59.0%, for the six-month 2020 ratio of current accident year losses and loss expenses before catastrophes, including an increase of 0.4 points in the ratio for current accident year losses of $1 million or more per claim.
  • 0.4 percentage-point increase in the second-quarter 2020 underwriting expense ratio, compared with the same period of 2019, primarily due to the $16 million Stay-at-Home policyholder credit for personal auto policies.

 

Commercial Lines Insurance Results


(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


% Change


2020


2019


% Change


Earned premiums


$

870



$

823



6



$

1,733



$

1,633



6



Fee revenues


1



1



0



2



2



0



   Total revenues


871



824



6



1,735



1,635



6

















Loss and loss expenses


596



550



8



1,204



1,031



17



Underwriting expenses


267



262



2



543



516



5



   Underwriting profit (loss)


$

8



$

12



(33)



$

(12)



$

88



nm

















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change


     Loss and loss expenses


68.4

%


66.8

%


1.6



69.5

%


63.1

%


6.4



     Underwriting expenses


30.7



31.8



(1.1)



31.3



31.6



(0.3)



           Combined ratio


99.1

%


98.6

%


0.5



100.8

%


94.7

%


6.1























% Change






% Change


Agency renewal written premiums


$

794



$

767



4



$

1,636



$

1,566



4



Agency new business written premiums


134



137



(2)



288



257



12



Other written premiums


(20)



(25)



20



(44)



(48)



8



   Net written premiums


$

908



$

879



3



$

1,880



$

1,775



6

















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change


     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


58.9

%


61.2

%


(2.3)



60.0

%


62.1

%


(2.1)



     Current accident year catastrophe losses


14.6



12.7



1.9



12.4



8.4



4.0



     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


(4.5)



(6.1)



1.6



(2.4)



(6.5)



4.1



     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


(0.6)



(1.0)



0.4



(0.5)



(0.9)



0.4



           Loss and loss expense ratio


68.4

%


66.8

%


1.6



69.5

%


63.1

%


6.4

















Current accident year combined ratio before
  catastrophe losses


89.6

%


93.0

%


(3.4)



91.3

%


93.7

%


(2.4)

















 

  • $29 million or 3% increase in second-quarter 2020 commercial lines net written premiums, primarily due to higher renewal written premiums. Six percent increase in six-month net written premiums.
  • $27 million or 4% increase in second-quarter renewal written premiums, with commercial lines average renewal pricing increases near the low end of the mid-single-digit percent range.
  • $3 million or 2% decrease in second-quarter 2020 new business written by agencies, slowing significantly from 28% growth for the first quarter of the year. New business written premiums are largely driven by submissions from agents for us to quote premiums for policies. During the first half of the second quarter, submission volume was less than a year ago, but during the quarter's second half it was more than last year, as government restrictions eased and businesses re-opened.
  • 0.5 percentage-point increase in the second-quarter 2020 combined ratio and a 6.1 percentage-point increase for the six-month period, including increases of 2.3 points and 4.4 points, respectively, for losses from catastrophes.
  • 5.1 percentage-point second-quarter 2020 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development of $45 million, compared with 7.1 points or $58 million for second-quarter 2019.
  • 2.9 percentage-point six-month 2020 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development, compared with 7.4 points for the first six months of 2019.

 

Personal Lines Insurance Results


(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


% Change


2020


2019


% Change


Earned premiums


$

364



$

348



5



$

723



$

692



4



Fee revenues


1



1



0



2



2



0



   Total revenues


365



349



5



725



694



4

















Loss and loss expenses


286



240



19



517



490



6



Underwriting expenses


122



104



17



230



203



13



   Underwriting profit (loss)


$

(43)



$

5



nm



$

(22)



$

1



nm

















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change


     Loss and loss expenses


78.9

%


68.9

%


10.0



71.6

%


70.7

%


0.9



     Underwriting expenses


33.4



30.0



3.4



31.8



29.4



2.4



           Combined ratio


112.3

%


98.9

%


13.4



103.4

%


100.1

%


3.3























% Change






% Change


Agency renewal written premiums


$

387



$

365



6



$

681



$

647



5



Agency new business written premiums


44



47



(6)



78



82



(5)



Other written premiums


(8)



(10)



20



(17)



(18)



6



   Net written premiums


$

423



$

402



5



$

742



$

711



4

















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change


     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


53.8

%


62.1

%


(8.3)



56.9

%


61.4

%


(4.5)



     Current accident year catastrophe losses


25.3



11.0



14.3



18.7



10.9



7.8



     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


0.0



(3.2)



3.2



(3.2)



(2.3)



(0.9)



     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


(0.2)



(1.0)



0.8



(0.8)



0.7



(1.5)



           Loss and loss expense ratio


78.9

%


68.9

%


10.0



71.6

%


70.7

%


0.9

















Current accident year combined ratio before
  catastrophe losses


87.2

%


92.1

%


(4.9)



88.7

%


90.8

%


(2.1)

















 

  • $21 million or 5% increase in second-quarter 2020 personal lines net written premiums, driven by higher renewal written premiums that benefited from rate increases averaging in the mid-single-digit percent range. Second-quarter 2020 net written premiums from our agencies' high net worth clients grew 24%, to $144 million. Four percent increase in six-month net written premiums.
  • $3 million or 6% decrease in second-quarter 2020 new business written by agencies, in part due to underwriting and pricing discipline, particularly in select states. New business written premiums are largely driven by submissions from agents for us to quote premiums for policies. During the first half of the second quarter, submission volume was less than a year ago, but during the quarter's second half it was more than last year, as stay-at-home restrictions eased.
  • 13.4 percentage-point increase in the second-quarter 2020 combined ratio and a 3.3 percentage-point increase for the six-month period, including increases of 15.1 points and 6.3 points for losses from catastrophes.
  • Less than $1 million second-quarter 2020 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development, compared with $14 million for the second quarter of 2019.
  • 4.0 percentage-point six-month 2020 benefit from favorable prior accident year reserve development, compared with 1.6 points for the first six months of 2019.

 

Excess and Surplus Lines Insurance Results


(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


% Change


2020


2019


% Change


Earned premiums


$

78



$

67



16



$

156



$

130



20



Fee revenues






0



1



1



0



   Total revenues


78



67



16



157



131



20

















Loss and loss expenses


57



29



97



102



62



65



Underwriting expenses


22



21



5



47



41



15



   Underwriting profit (loss)


$

(1)



$

17



nm



$

8



$

28



(71)

















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change


     Loss and loss expenses


73.6

%


45.1

%


28.5



65.5

%


48.3

%


17.2



     Underwriting expenses


28.4



31.0



(2.6)



30.0



31.4



(1.4)



           Combined ratio


102.0

%


76.1

%


25.9



95.5

%


79.7

%


15.8























% Change






% Change


Agency renewal written premiums


$

63



$

54



17



$

125



$

103



21



Agency new business written premiums


32



28



14



59



54



9



Other written premiums


(4)



(4)



0



(8)



(8)



0



   Net written premiums


$

91



$

78



17



$

176



$

149



18

















Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:






Pt. Change






Pt. Change


     Current accident year before catastrophe losses


59.0

%


50.8

%


8.2



57.4

%


53.1

%


4.3



     Current accident year catastrophe losses


3.6



0.7



2.9



2.0



0.5



1.5



     Prior accident years before catastrophe losses


11.2



(6.2)



17.4



5.9



(5.2)



11.1



     Prior accident years catastrophe losses


(0.2)



(0.2)



0.0



0.2



(0.1)



0.3



           Loss and loss expense ratio


73.6

%


45.1

%


28.5



65.5

%


48.3

%


17.2

















Current accident year combined ratio before
  catastrophe losses


87.4

%


81.8

%


5.6



87.4

%


84.5

%


2.9

















 

  • $13 million or 17% increase in second-quarter 2020 excess and surplus lines net written premiums, including higher renewal written premiums that benefited from rate increases averaging in the mid-single-digit percent range. Eighteen percent increase in six-month net written premiums.
  • $4 million or 14% increase in second-quarter new business written by agencies, as we continue to carefully underwrite each policy in a highly competitive market.
  • 25.9 percentage-point increase in the second-quarter 2020 combined ratio and a 15.8 percentage-point increase for the six-month period, largely due to less favorable prior accident year reserve development.
  • 4.3 percentage-point increase, to 57.4%, for the six-month 2020 ratio of current accident year losses and loss expenses before catastrophes, including an increase of 8.0 points in the ratio for incurred but not reported (IBNR) reserves that reflect more prudent reserving overall.
  • $8 million of second-quarter 2020 unfavorable prior accident year reserve development, including a $9 million increase in IBNR reserves, compared with $5 million of favorable development for second-quarter 2019.
  • $9 million of six-month 2020 unfavorable prior accident year reserve development, compared with favorable development of $7 million for the first six months of 2019. The $9 million of unfavorable development included $11 million for accident years prior to 2017, as claims on average are remaining open longer than previously expected.

 

Life Insurance Subsidiary Results


(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


% Change


2020


2019


% Change


Term life insurance


$

51



$

47



9



$

98



$

92



7



Universal life insurance


16



10



60



24



20



20



Other life insurance, annuity, and disability income products


12



10



20



24



21



14



    Earned premiums


79



67



18



146



133



10



Investment income, net of expenses


39



38



3



78



76



3



Investment gains and losses, net


1



(1)



nm



(31)



(2)



nm



Fee revenues


1



1



0



1



2



(50)



Total revenues


120



105



14



194



209



(7)



Contract holders' benefits incurred


79



73



8



152



143



6



Underwriting expenses incurred


25



22



14



43



44



(2)



    Total benefits and expenses


104



95



9



195



187



4



Net income (loss) before income tax


16



10



60



(1)



22



nm



Income tax provision


4



2



100





4



(100)



Net income (loss) of the life insurance subsidiary


$

12



$

8



50



$

(1)



$

18



nm

















 

  • $12 million or 18% increase in second-quarter 2020 earned premiums, including a 9% increase for term life insurance, our largest life insurance product line.
  • $19 million decrease in six-month 2020 life insurance subsidiary net income, primarily due to increased investment losses resulting from impairments of fixed-maturity securities.
  • $56 million or 5% six-month 2020 increase, to $1.294 billion, in GAAP shareholders' equity for the life insurance subsidiary, primarily from an increase in unrealized investment gains.

 

Investment and Balance Sheet Highlights


Investments Results


(Dollars in millions)


Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


% Change


2020


2019


% Change


Investment income, net of expenses


$

166



$

160



4



$

331



$

317



4



Investment interest credited to contract holders


(25)



(25)



0



(51)



(49)



(4)



Investment gains and losses, net


1,060



364



191



(665)



1,027



nm



      Investments profit (loss)


$

1,201



$

499



141



$

(385)



$

1,295



nm

















Investment income:














   Interest


$

114



$

111



3



$

226



$

222



2



   Dividends


53



50



6



106



96



10



   Other


2



2



0



5



5



0



   Less investment expenses


3



3



0



6



6



0



      Investment income, pretax


166



160



4



331



317



4



      Less income taxes


25



25



0



51



49



4



      Total investment income, after-tax


$

141



$

135



4



$

280



$

268



4

















Investment returns:














Average invested assets plus cash and cash
  equivalents


$

18,759



$

18,648





$

19,672



$

18,194





      Average yield pretax


3.54

%


3.43

%




3.37

%


3.48

%




      Average yield after-tax


3.01



2.90





2.85



2.95





      Effective tax rate


15.6



15.6





15.5



15.6





Fixed-maturity returns:














Average amortized cost


$

11,107



$

10,783





$

11,124



$

10,738





Average yield pretax


4.11

%


4.12

%




4.06

%


4.13

%




Average yield after-tax


3.42



3.43





3.39



3.45





Effective tax rate


16.7



16.6





16.6



16.6



















 

  • $6 million or 4% rise in second-quarter 2020 pretax investment income, including a 6% increase in equity portfolio dividends and a 3% increase in interest income.
  • $1.566 billion second-quarter 2020 pretax total investment gains, summarized on the table below. Changes in unrealized gains or losses reported in other comprehensive income, in addition to investment gains and losses reported in net income, are useful for evaluating total investment performance over time and are major components of changes in book value and the value creation ratio.

 

(Dollars in millions)


Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


2020


2019


Investment gains and losses on equity securities sold, net


$

24



$

11



$

17



$

23



Unrealized gains and losses on equity securities still held, net


1,044



355



(602)



999



Investment gains and losses on fixed-maturity securities, net




(1)



(75)



1



Other


(8)



(1)



(5)



4



Subtotal - investment gains and losses reported in net income


1,060



364



(665)



1,027



Change in unrealized investment gains and losses - fixed maturities


506



200



182



442



Total


$

1,566



$

564



$

(483)



$

1,469













 

Balance Sheet Highlights 


(Dollars in millions, except share data)

At June 30,

At December 31,




2020


2019


   Total investments


$

19,487



$

19,746



   Total assets


25,450



25,408



   Short-term debt


122



39



   Long-term debt


788



788



   Shareholders' equity


9,258



9,864



   Book value per share


57.56



60.55



   Debt-to-total-capital ratio


8.9

%


7.7

%








 

  • $20.193 billion in consolidated cash and total investments at June 30, 2020, a decrease of 2% from $20.513 billion at year-end 2019.
  • $11.911 billion bond portfolio at June 30, 2020, with an average rating of A3/A. Fair value increased $571 million during the second quarter of 2020.
  • $7.317 billion equity portfolio was 37.5% of total investments, including $3.565 billion in appreciated value before taxes at June 30, 2020. Second-quarter 2020 increase in fair value of $1.092 billion or 18%.
  • $5.155 billion of statutory surplus for the property casualty insurance group at June 30, 2020, down $465 million from $5.620 billion at year-end 2019, after declaring $225 million in dividends to the parent company. For the 12 months ended June 30, 2020, the ratio of net written premiums to surplus was 1.1-to-1, compared with 1.0-to-1 at year-end 2019.
  • $7.54 second-quarter 2020 increase in book value per share, including additions of $0.44 from net income before investment gains, $7.74 from investment portfolio net investment gains or changes in unrealized gains for fixed-maturity securities, partially offset by a deduction of $0.60 from dividends declared to shareholders and $0.04 for other items.
  • Value creation ratio of negative 3.0% for the first six months of 2020, including positive 2.1% from net income before investment gains, which includes underwriting and investment income, and negative 3.9% from investment portfolio net investment losses and changes in unrealized gains for fixed-maturity securities and negative 1.2% from other items.

For additional information or to register for our conference call webcast, please visit cinfin.com/investors.

About Cincinnati Financial
Cincinnati Financial Corporation offers primarily business, home and auto insurance, our main business, through The Cincinnati Insurance Company and its two standard market property casualty companies. The same local independent insurance agencies that market those policies may offer products of our other subsidiaries, including life insurance, fixed annuities and surplus lines property and casualty insurance. For additional information about the company, please visit cinfin.com.

Mailing Address:

Street Address:

P.O. Box 145496 

6200 South Gilmore Road

Cincinnati, Ohio 45250-5496 

Fairfield, Ohio 45014-5141

Safe Harbor Statement
This is our "Safe Harbor" statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Our business is subject to certain risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements in this report. Some of those risks and uncertainties are discussed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 1A, Risk Factors, Page 35.

Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to:

  • Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic that could affect results for reasons such as: 
    • Securities market disruption or volatility and related effects such as decreased economic activity that affect the company's investment portfolio and book value
    • An unusually high level of claims in our insurance or reinsurance operations that increase litigation-related expenses
    • An unusually high level of insurance losses, including risk of legislation or court decisions extending business interruption insurance to require coverage when there was no direct physical damage or loss to property
    • Decreased premium revenue from disruption to our distribution channel of independent agents, consumer self-isolation, travel limitations, business restrictions and decreased economic activity
    • Inability of our workforce, agencies or vendors to perform necessary business functions
  • Unusually high levels of catastrophe losses due to risk concentrations, changes in weather patterns, environmental events, terrorism incidents or other causes
  • Increased frequency and/or severity of claims or development of claims that are unforeseen at the time of policy issuance
  • Inadequate estimates, assumptions or reliance on third-party data used for critical accounting estimates
  • Declines in overall stock market values negatively affecting the company's equity portfolio and book value
  • Prolonged low interest rate environment or other factors that limit the company's ability to generate growth in investment income or interest rate fluctuations that result in declining values of fixed-maturity investments, including declines in accounts in which we hold bank-owned life insurance contract assets
  • Domestic and global events resulting in capital market or credit market uncertainty, followed by prolonged periods of economic instability or recession, that lead to:
    • Significant or prolonged decline in the fair value of a particular security or group of securities and impairment of the asset(s)
    • Significant decline in investment income due to reduced or eliminated dividend payouts from a particular security or group of securities
    • Significant rise in losses from surety and director and officer policies written for financial institutions or other insured entities
  • Our inability to integrate Cincinnati Global and its subsidiaries into our on-going operations, or disruptions to our on-going operations due to such integration
  • Recession or other economic conditions resulting in lower demand for insurance products or increased payment delinquencies
  • Difficulties with technology or data security breaches, including cyberattacks, that could negatively affect our ability to conduct business; disrupt our relationships with agents, policyholders and others; cause reputational damage, mitigation expenses and data loss and expose us to liability under federal and state laws
  • Disruption of the insurance market caused by technology innovations such as driverless cars that could decrease consumer demand for insurance products
  • Delays, inadequate data developed internally or from third parties, or performance inadequacies from ongoing development and implementation of underwriting and pricing methods, including telematics and other usage-based insurance methods, or technology projects and enhancements expected to increase our pricing accuracy, underwriting profit and competitiveness
  • Increased competition that could result in a significant reduction in the company's premium volume
  • Changing consumer insurance-buying habits and consolidation of independent insurance agencies that could alter our competitive advantages
  • Inability to obtain adequate ceded reinsurance on acceptable terms, amount of reinsurance coverage purchased, financial strength of reinsurers and the potential for nonpayment or delay in payment by reinsurers
  • Inability to defer policy acquisition costs for any business segment if pricing and loss trends would lead management to conclude that segment could not achieve sustainable profitability
  • Inability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends consistent with current or past levels
  • Events or conditions that could weaken or harm the company's relationships with its independent agencies and hamper opportunities to add new agencies, resulting in limitations on the company's opportunities for growth, such as:
    • Downgrades of the company's financial strength ratings
    • Concerns that doing business with the company is too difficult
    • Perceptions that the company's level of service, particularly claims service, is no longer a distinguishing characteristic in the marketplace
    • Inability or unwillingness to nimbly develop and introduce coverage product updates and innovations that our competitors offer and consumers expect to find in the marketplace
  • Actions of insurance departments, state attorneys general or other regulatory agencies, including a change to a federal system of regulation from a state-based system, that:
    • Impose new obligations on us that increase our expenses or change the assumptions underlying our critical accounting estimates
    • Place the insurance industry under greater regulatory scrutiny or result in new statutes, rules and regulations
    • Restrict our ability to exit or reduce writings of unprofitable coverages or lines of business
    • Add assessments for guaranty funds, other insurance-related assessments or mandatory reinsurance arrangements; or that impair our ability to recover such assessments through future surcharges or other rate changes
    • Increase our provision for federal income taxes due to changes in tax law
    • Increase our other expenses
    • Limit our ability to set fair, adequate and reasonable rates
    • Place us at a disadvantage in the marketplace
    • Restrict our ability to execute our business model, including the way we compensate agents
  • Adverse outcomes from litigation or administrative proceedings
  • Events or actions, including unauthorized intentional circumvention of controls, that reduce the company's future ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  • Unforeseen departure of certain executive officers or other key employees due to retirement, health or other causes that could interrupt progress toward important strategic goals or diminish the effectiveness of certain longstanding relationships with insurance agents and others
  • Events, such as an epidemic, natural catastrophe or terrorism, that could hamper our ability to assemble our workforce at our headquarters location

Further, the company's insurance businesses are subject to the effects of changing social, global, economic and regulatory environments. Public and regulatory initiatives have included efforts to adversely influence and restrict premium rates, restrict the ability to cancel policies, impose underwriting standards and expand overall regulation. The company also is subject to public and regulatory initiatives that can affect the market value for its common stock, such as measures affecting corporate financial reporting and governance. The ultimate changes and eventual effects, if any, of these initiatives are uncertain.

* * *


Cincinnati Financial Corporation


Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Statements of Income (unaudited)




(Dollars in millions)





June 30,


December 31,







2020


2019


Assets









   Investments





$

19,487



$

19,746



   Cash and cash equivalents





706



767



   Premiums receivable





2,051



1,777



   Reinsurance recoverable





528



610



Deferred policy acquisition costs





834



774



   Other assets





1,844



1,734



Total assets





$

25,450



$

25,408












Liabilities









   Insurance reserves





$

9,344



$

8,982



   Unearned premiums





3,107



2,788



   Deferred income tax





979



1,079



   Long-term debt and lease obligations





845



846



   Other liabilities





1,917



1,849



Total liabilities





16,192



15,544












Shareholders' Equity









   Common stock and paid-in capital





1,706



1,703



   Retained earnings





8,745



9,257



   Accumulated other comprehensive income





597



448



   Treasury stock





(1,790)



(1,544)



Total shareholders' equity





9,258



9,864



Total liabilities and shareholders' equity





$

25,450



$

25,408












(Dollars in millions, except per share data)

Three months ended June 30,


Six months ended June 30,



2020


2019


2020


2019


Revenues









   Earned premiums

$

1,482



$

1,384



$

2,938



$

2,717



   Investment income, net of expenses

166



160



331



317



   Investment gains and losses, net

1,060



364



(665)



1,027



   Other revenues

6



5



11



11



      Total revenues

2,714



1,913



2,615



4,072












Benefits and Expenses









   Insurance losses and contract holders' benefits

1,086



936



2,089



1,796



   Underwriting, acquisition and insurance expenses

464



430



920



841



   Interest expense

14



13



27



26



   Other operating expenses

5



4



10



12



      Total benefits and expenses

1,569



1,383



3,046



2,675












Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes

1,145



530



(431)



1,397












Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

236



102



(114)



274












Net Income (Loss)

$

909



$

428



$

(317)



$

1,123












Per Common Share:









   Net income (loss)—basic

$

5.65



$

2.62



$

(1.96)



$

6.89



   Net income (loss)—diluted

5.63



2.59



(1.96)



6.81












Definitions of Non-GAAP Information and Reconciliation to Comparable GAAP Measures
(See attached tables for reconciliations; additional prior-period reconciliations available at cinfin.com/investors.)

Cincinnati Financial Corporation prepares its public financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). Statutory data is prepared in accordance with statutory accounting rules for insurance company regulation in the United States of America as defined by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners' (NAIC) Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual, and therefore is not reconciled to GAAP data.

Management uses certain non-GAAP financial measures to evaluate its primary business areas – property casualty insurance, life insurance and investments. Management uses these measures when analyzing both GAAP and non-GAAP results to improve its understanding of trends in the underlying business and to help avoid incorrect or misleading assumptions and conclusions about the success or failure of company strategies. Management adjustments to GAAP measures generally: apply to non-recurring events that are unrelated to business performance and distort short-term results; involve values that fluctuate based on events outside of management's control; supplement reporting segment disclosures with disclosures for a subsidiary company or for a combination of subsidiaries or reporting segments; or relate to accounting refinements that affect comparability between periods, creating a need to analyze data on the same basis.

  • Non-GAAP operating income: Non-GAAP operating income is calculated by excluding investment gains and losses (defined as investment gains and losses after applicable federal and state income taxes) and other significant non-recurring items from net income. Management evaluates non-GAAP operating income to measure the success of pricing, rate and underwriting strategies. While investment gains (or losses) are integral to the company's insurance operations over the long term, the determination to realize investment gains or losses on fixed-maturity securities sold in any period may be subject to management's discretion and is independent of the insurance underwriting process. Also, under applicable GAAP accounting requirements, gains and losses are recognized from certain changes in market values of securities without actual realization. Management believes that the level of investment gains or losses for any particular period, while it may be material, may not fully indicate the performance of ongoing underlying business operations in that period. 
     
    For these reasons, many investors and shareholders consider non-GAAP operating income to be one of the more meaningful measures for evaluating insurance company performance. Equity analysts who report on the insurance industry and the company generally focus on this metric in their analyses. The company presents non-GAAP operating income so that all investors have what management believes to be a useful supplement to GAAP information.
     
  • Consolidated property casualty insurance results: To supplement reporting segment disclosures related to our property casualty insurance operations, we also evaluate results for those operations on a basis that includes results for our property casualty insurance and brokerage services subsidiaries. That is the total of our commercial lines, personal lines and our excess and surplus lines segments plus our reinsurance assumed operations known as Cincinnati Re and our London-based global specialty underwriter known as Cincinnati Global.
     
  • Life insurance subsidiary results: To supplement life insurance reporting segment disclosures related to our life insurance operation, we also evaluate results for that operation on a basis that includes life insurance subsidiary investment income, or investment income plus investment gains and losses, that are also included in our investments reporting segment. We recognize that assets under management, capital appreciation and investment income are integral to evaluating the success of the life insurance segment because of the long duration of life products.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation




 Net Income Reconciliation




(Dollars in millions, except per share data)

Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


2020


2019


Net income (loss)


$

909



$

428



$

(317)



$

1,123



Less:










   Investment gains and losses, net


1,060



364



(665)



1,027



   Income tax on investment gains and losses


(222)



(76)



140



(216)



   Investment gains and losses, after-tax


838



288



(525)



811



Non-GAAP operating income


$

71



$

140



$

208



$

312













Diluted per share data:










Net income (loss)


$

5.63



$

2.59



$

(1.96)



$

6.81



Less:










   Investment gains and losses, net


6.56



2.20



(4.12)



6.23



   Income tax on investment gains and losses


(1.37)



(0.46)



0.87



(1.31)



   Investment gains and losses, after-tax


5.19



1.74



(3.25)



4.92



   Non-GAAP operating income


$

0.44



$

0.85



$

1.29



$

1.89













Life Insurance Reconciliation




(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


2020


2019


Net income (loss) of the life insurance subsidiary


$

12



$

8



$

(1)



$

18



Investment gains and losses, net


1



(1)



(31)



(2)



Income tax on investment gains and losses






(7)





Non-GAAP operating income


11



9



23



20













Investment income, net of expenses


(39)



(38)



(78)



(76)



Investment income credited to contract holders


25



25



51



49



Income tax excluding tax on investment gains and
  losses, net


4



2



7



4



Life insurance segment profit (loss)


$

1



$

(2)



$

3



$

(3)













 

Property Casualty Insurance Reconciliation


(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30, 2020



Consolidated

Commercial

Personal

E&S


Other*


Premiums:
















   Written premiums


$

1,559




$

908




$

423




$

91




137



   Unearned premiums change


(156)




(38)




(59)




(13)




(46)



   Earned premiums


$

1,403




$

870




$

364




$

78




$

91



















Underwriting profit (loss)


$

(41)




$

8




$

(43)




$

(1)




$

(5)



















(Dollars in millions)

Six months ended June 30, 2020



Consolidated

Commercial

Personal

E&S


Other*


Premiums:
















   Written premiums


$

3,077




$

1,880




$

742




$

176




$

279



   Unearned premiums change


(285)




(147)




(19)




(20)




(99)



   Earned premiums


$

2,792




$

1,733




$

723




$

156




$

180



















Underwriting profit (loss)


$

(17)




$

(12)




$

(22)




$

8




$

9



















(Dollars in millions)

Three months ended June 30, 2019



Consolidated

Commercial

Personal

E&S

Other*


Premiums:
















   Written premiums


$

1,476




$

879




$

402




$

78




$

117



   Unearned premiums change


(159)




(56)




(54)




(11)




(38)



   Earned premiums


$

1,317




823




$

348




67




$

79



















Underwriting profit


$

48




$

12




$

5




$

17




$

14



















(Dollars in millions)

Six months ended June 30, 2019



Consolidated

Commercial

Personal

E&S

Other*


Premiums:
















   Written premiums


$

2,857




$

1,775




$

711




$

149




$

222



   Unearned premiums change


(273)




(142)




(19)




(19)




(93)



   Earned premiums


$

2,584




$

1,633




$

692




$

130




$

129



















Underwriting profit


$

139




$

88




$

1




$

28




$

22



















  Dollar amounts shown are rounded to millions; certain amounts may not add due to rounding.  Ratios are calculated based on dollar amounts in thousands.
*Included in Other are the results of Cincinnati Re and Cincinnati Global, acquired on February 28, 2019.


 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation


Other Measures


  • Value creation ratio: This is a measure of shareholder value creation that management believes captures the contribution of the company's insurance operations, the success of its investment strategy and the importance placed on paying cash dividends to shareholders. The value creation ratio measure is made up of two primary components: (1) rate of growth in book value per share plus (2) the ratio of dividends declared per share to beginning book value per share. Management believes this measure is useful, providing a meaningful measure of long-term progress in creating shareholder value. It is intended to be all-inclusive regarding changes in book value per share, and uses originally reported book value per share in cases where book value per share has been adjusted, such as adoption of Accounting Standards Updates with a cumulative effect of a change in accounting.
  • Written premium: Under statutory accounting rules in the U.S., property casualty written premium is the amount recorded for policies issued and recognized on an annualized basis at the effective date of the policy. Management analyzes trends in written premium to assess business efforts. The difference between written and earned premium is unearned premium. 

 

Value Creation Ratio Calculations




(Dollars are per share)

Three months ended June 30,

Six months ended June 30,




2020


2019


2020


2019


Value creation ratio:










   End of period book value*


$

57.56



$

55.92



$

57.56



$

55.92



   Less beginning of period book value


50.02



52.88



60.55



48.10



   Change in book value


7.54



3.04



(2.99)



7.82



   Dividend declared to shareholders


0.60



0.56



1.20



1.12



   Total value creation


$

8.14



$

3.60



$

(1.79)



$

8.94













Value creation ratio from change in book value**


15.1

%


5.7

%


(5.0)

%


16.3

%


Value creation ratio from dividends declared to
  shareholders***


1.2



1.1



2.0



2.3



Value creation ratio


16.3

%


6.8

%


(3.0)

%


18.6

%












    * Book value per share is calculated by dividing end of period total shareholders' equity by end of period shares outstanding




  ** Change in book value divided by the beginning of period book value




*** Dividend declared to shareholders divided by beginning of period book value




















































 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation logo. (PRNewsFoto/Cincinnati Financial Corporation) (PRNewsFoto/CINCINNATI FINANCIAL CORPORATION)

 

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SOURCE Cincinnati Financial Corporation

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