Denny’s Corporation Reports Results For Second Quarter 2020

SPARTANBURG, S.C., July 28, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Denny’s Corporation (NASDAQ: DENN), franchisor and operator of one of America's largest franchised full-service restaurant chains, today reported results for its second quarter ended June 24, 2020 and provided a business update on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s operations.

John Miller, Chief Executive Officer, stated, "Through enhanced health and safety training and protocols, Denny's team members continue to work together to protect our guests, employees, and suppliers to serve our communities. I am especially encouraged by their willingness to pivot to new operational standards with respect to our off-premise, curbside, outdoor dining, or dine-in channels, proving that 'We Love to Feed People' during both good and challenging times. These actions, coupled with easing dine-in restrictions, resulted in a sequential increase in sales over the course of the second quarter. Although many states have since reinstated dine-in restrictions due to an increase in COVID-19 cases, we have not experienced a significant drop in sales. We attribute our stabilization to our dedicated Denny's team members who are innovative and eager to adapt to their environment."

Miller continued, "During the second quarter, we provided additional financial relief to franchisees, while remaining focused on cost savings. Subsequent to the quarter, we closed on an opportunistic capital raise to further fortify what I believe is one of the strongest balance sheets in the industry. As we look ahead, we believe we are well-positioned to effectively navigate further impacts of the pandemic while preparing for eventual and future growth."

Second Quarter 2020 Highlights

  • Total Operating Revenue was $40.2 million.
  • Domestic system-wide same-store sales** decreased 56.9%.
  • Completed 3 remodels, including 2 at franchised restaurants.
  • Operating Loss was $13.5 million.
  • Franchise Operating Margin* was $9.8 million, or 39.1% of franchise and license revenue, and Company Restaurant Operating Margin* was ($4.5) million, or (29.6%) of company restaurant sales.
  • Net Loss was $23.0 million, or $0.41 per diluted share.
  • Adjusted Net Loss* was $13.7 million, or $0.25 per diluted share.
  • Adjusted EBITDA* was ($5.1) million.
  • Adjusted Free Cash Flow* was ($11.5) million.

Current Trends

Domestic system-wide same-store sales** sequentially improved on a weekly basis during the second quarter ended June 24, 2020, as compared to the equivalent weeks of 2019. During the second quarter, dine-in restrictions continued to ease with most restaurants operating with streamlined menus and reduced operating hours. Due to the recent significant increase in COVID-19 cases, various states reinstated dining room closures, and the Company experienced a slight decline in domestic system-wide same-store sales** in fiscal July.

In an effort to provide greater transparency due to COVID-19, Denny's is providing the following tables that present second and third quarter weekly results compared to the equivalent fiscal weeks in 2019:

Domestic System-Wide Same-Store Sales** for the Weeks Ended:

Fiscal April: (76%)Fiscal May: (65%)Fiscal June: (41%)
4/014/084/154/224/295/065/135/205/276/036/106/176/24
(79%)(78%)(76%)(72%)(72%)(68%)(63%)(60%)(55%)(47%)(39%)(37%)(29%)


Fiscal July: (39%)1
7/017/087/157/221
(33%)(42%)(41%)(41%)

1. Preliminary results

Number of Domestic Restaurants Operating with Open Dining Rooms for the Weeks Ended:

Fiscal AprilFiscal MayFiscal June
4/014/084/154/224/295/065/135/205/276/036/106/176/24
7222113395216469671,1161,2341,3551,424


Fiscal July
7/017/087/157/22
1,4301,1241,0321,035

Average unit volumes of off-premise sales have almost doubled from February 2020 to July 2020, supported by temporarily waived delivery fees, new “Dine-Thru” curbside service programs, and recently launched shareable family meal packs.

As of July 22, 2020, 97% of domestic Denny's restaurants were operating, most with take-out and delivery options, streamlined menus, and reduced operating hours, which impacted same-store sales** results. Also as of July 22, 2020, 55 Denny's restaurants remain temporarily closed, including 47 domestic franchise restaurants and 8 international franchise restaurants. Additionally, 1,035 domestic restaurants were operating with open dining rooms with capacity limitations across 28 states.

Liquidity

On July 6, 2020, the Company raised net proceeds of $69.6 million that were used to pay down its credit facility through the issuance and sale of 8.0 million shares of common stock. Subsequent to these two transactions, the Company had approximately $12.0 million of cash on hand and $237.0 million outstanding on the credit facility, or approximately $100 million of total available liquidity after considering the current liquidity covenant.

Pursuant to the underwriting agreement, the Company also granted the underwriters a 30-day option to purchase up to an additional 1.2 million shares of common stock, and currently expects the option will expire unexercised.

Second Quarter Results

Denny’s total operating revenue was $40.2 million compared to $151.9 million in the prior year quarter. Franchise and license revenue was $25.0 million compared to $56.4 million in the prior year quarter. Company restaurant sales were $15.1 million compared to $95.4 million in the prior year quarter. These changes were primarily due to the impact of COVID-19 on sales, the Company's refranchising and development strategy which was substantially complete by the end of 2019, and the related $3.0 million royalty abatement in the second fiscal quarter of 2020.

Franchise Operating Margin* was $9.8 million, or 39.1% of franchise and license revenue, compared to $27.6 million, or 48.8%, in the prior year quarter. This margin decrease was primarily driven by the impact of COVID-19 on sales and the related $3.0 million royalty abatement, partially offset by an increase in occupancy margin from additional leases and subleases to franchisees as a result of the Company's refranchising and development strategy in 2019.

Company Restaurant Operating Margin* was ($4.5) million, or (29.6%) of company restaurant sales, compared to $15.6 million, or 16.4%, in the prior year quarter. This margin decrease was primarily due to the impact of COVID-19 on sales, as well as fewer equivalent units through the Company's refranchising and development strategy.

Total general and administrative expenses were $13.2 million, compared to $18.5 million in the prior year quarter. This change was due to reductions in performance-based incentive compensation, personnel costs, and share-based compensation expense, partially offset by market valuation changes in the Company's deferred compensation plan liabilities.

Interest expense, net was $4.9 million, compared to $5.4 million in the prior year quarter, primarily due to a reduction in financing leases. Denny’s ended the quarter with $323.1 million of total debt outstanding, including $307.0 million of borrowings under its credit facility.

During the quarter, the Company recorded $11.5 million of other non-cash, nonoperating expenses related to the discontinuance of hedge accounting for a portion of its interest rate hedges. The expenses include a $7.4 million reclassification of amounts previously recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net to expense, $3.8 million related to changes in fair value associated with the portion of interest rate hedges for which hedge accounting was discontinued, and $0.3 million of expense recognized related to amounts remaining in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net that will be recognized in other nonoperating expense (income), net over the remaining term of the interest rate hedges for which hedge accounting was discontinued.

The benefit from income taxes was $5.1 million, reflecting an effective tax rate of 18.1%. Approximately $0.1 million in cash taxes was paid during the quarter.

Net loss was $23.0 million, or $0.41 per diluted share, compared to net income of $34.2 million, or $0.55 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. Adjusted Net Loss* per diluted share was $0.25 compared to Adjusted Net Income* per diluted share of $0.23 in the prior year quarter.

Adjusted Free Cash Flow* and Capital Allocation

Denny’s Adjusted Free Cash Flow* in the quarter after investing $1.7 million in cash capital expenditures, including maintenance capital and remodels, was ($11.5) million.

Business Outlook

On March 16, 2020, the Company announced that it had withdrawn its guidance for the fiscal year ending on December 30, 2020. Given the dynamic and evolving impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's operations and substantial uncertainty about future performance, the Company cannot reasonably provide an updated business outlook at this time.

* Please refer to the Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Non-GAAP Financial Measures, as well as the Reconciliation of Operating Income (Loss) to Non-GAAP Financial Measures included in the following tables. 

**  Same-store sales include sales at company restaurants and non-consolidated franchised and licensed restaurants that were open the same period in the prior year. Total operating revenue is limited to company restaurant sales and royalties, advertising revenue, fees and occupancy revenue from non-consolidated franchised and licensed restaurants. Accordingly, domestic franchise same-store sales and domestic system-wide same-store sales should be considered as a supplement to, not a substitute for, the Company's results as reported under GAAP.

Conference Call and Webcast Information

Denny’s will provide further commentary on the results for the second quarter ended June 24, 2020 on its quarterly investor conference call today, Tuesday, July 28, 2020 at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time. Interested parties are invited to listen to a live broadcast of the conference call accessible through the investor relations section of Denny’s website at investor.dennys.com. A replay of the call may be accessed at the same location later in the day and will remain available for 30 days.

About Denny’s

Denny's Corporation is the franchisor and operator of one of America's largest franchised full-service restaurant chains, based on the number of restaurants. As of June 24, 2020, Denny’s had 1,683 franchised, licensed, and company restaurants around the world including 147 restaurants in Canada, Puerto Rico, Mexico, the Philippines, New Zealand, Honduras, the United Arab Emirates, Costa Rica, Guam, Guatemala, the United Kingdom, El Salvador, Indonesia, and Aruba. For further information on Denny's, including news releases, links to SEC filings, and other financial information, please visit the Denny's investor relations website at investor.dennys.com.

Cautionary Language Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

The Company urges caution in considering its current trends and any outlook on earnings disclosed in this press release. In addition, certain matters discussed in this release may constitute forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements, which reflect management's best judgment based on factors currently known, are intended to speak only as of the date such statements are made and involve risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause the actual performance of Denny’s Corporation, its subsidiaries, and underlying restaurants to be materially different from the performance indicated or implied by such statements. Words such as “expect”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “intend”, “plan”, “hope”, "will", and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Except as may be required by law, the Company expressly disclaims any obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this release or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. Factors that could cause actual performance to differ materially from the performance indicated by these forward-looking statements include, among others: the rapidly evolving COVID-19 pandemic and related containment measures, including the potential for further operational disruption from government mandates affecting restaurants; economic, public health and political conditions that impact consumer confidence and spending, including COVID-19; competitive pressures from within the restaurant industry; the level of success of the Company's operating initiatives and advertising and promotional efforts; adverse publicity; health concerns arising from food-related pandemics, outbreaks of flu viruses or other diseases; changes in business strategy or development plans; terms and availability of capital; regional weather conditions; overall changes in the general economy (including with regard to energy costs), particularly at the retail level; political environment (including acts of war and terrorism); and other factors from time to time set forth in the Company’s SEC reports and other filings, including but not limited to the discussion in Management’s Discussion and Analysis and the risks identified in Item 1A. Risk Factors contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 25, 2019 (and in the Company’s subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K).

DENNY’S CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
       
(In thousands)6/24/20 12/25/19
Assets   
 Current assets   
  Cash and cash equivalents$21,077  $3,372 
  Investments2,240  3,649 
  Receivables, net19,049  27,488 
  Assets held for sale1,973  1,925 
  Other current assets18,674  16,299 
   Total current assets63,013  52,733 
 Property, net93,759  97,626 
 Financing lease right-of-use assets, net10,672  11,720 
 Operating lease right-of-use assets, net149,169  158,550 
 Goodwill36,884  36,832 
 Intangible assets, net52,681  53,956 
 Deferred income taxes, net28,597  14,718 
 Other noncurrent assets, net33,928  34,252 
   Total assets$468,703  $460,387 
       
Liabilities   
 Current liabilities   
  Current finance lease liabilities$1,987  $1,674 
  Current operating lease liabilities18,479  16,344 
  Accounts payable18,901  20,256 
  Other current liabilities37,390  57,307 
   Total current liabilities76,757  95,581 
 Long-term liabilities   
  Long-term debt307,000  240,000 
  Noncurrent finance lease liabilities14,144  14,779 
  Noncurrent operating lease liabilities146,080  152,750 
  Other142,229  95,341 
   Total long-term liabilities609,453  502,870 
   Total liabilities686,210  598,451 
       
Shareholders' deficit   
  Common stock1,097  1,094 
  Paid-in capital600,936  603,980 
  Deficit(203,350) (189,398)
  Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax(62,217) (33,960)
  Treasury stock(553,973) (519,780)
   Total shareholders' deficit(217,507) (138,064)
   Total liabilities and shareholders' deficit$468,703  $460,387 
       
Debt Balances
(In thousands)6/24/20 12/25/19
Credit facility revolver due 2022$307,000  $240,000 
Finance lease liabilities16,131  16,453 
 Total debt$323,131  $256,453 


 
DENNY’S CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
      
   Quarter Ended
(In thousands, except per share amounts)6/24/20 6/26/19
Revenue:   
 Company restaurant sales$15,128  $95,447 
 Franchise and license revenue25,033  56,437 
  Total operating revenue40,161  151,884 
Costs of company restaurant sales, excluding depreciation and amortization19,606  79,830 
Costs of franchise and license revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization15,244  28,871 
General and administrative expenses13,153  18,453 
Depreciation and amortization4,058  5,048 
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net1,627  (26,433)
  Total operating costs and expenses, net53,688  105,769 
Operating income (loss)(13,527) 46,115 
Interest expense, net4,947  5,382 
Other nonoperating expense (income), net9,565  (273)
Income (loss) before income taxes(28,039) 41,006 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes(5,074) 6,767 
Net income (loss)$(22,965) $34,239 
      
      
Basic net income (loss) per share$(0.41) $0.57 
Diluted net income (loss) per share$(0.41) $0.55 
      
Basic weighted average shares outstanding55,686  60,290 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding55,686  62,082 
      
Comprehensive income (loss)$(18,550) $23,625 
    
General and Administrative Expenses Quarter Ended
(In thousands)6/24/20 6/26/19
Corporate administrative expenses$9,701  $12,436 
Share-based compensation1,511  2,713 
Incentive compensation1  2,919 
Deferred compensation valuation adjustments1,940  385 
 Total general and administrative expenses$13,153  $18,453 


DENNY’S CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
      
   Two Quarters Ended
(In thousands, except per share amounts)6/24/20 6/26/19
Revenue:   
 Company restaurant sales$57,419  $193,992 
 Franchise and license revenue79,437  109,303 
  Total operating revenue136,856  303,295 
Costs of company restaurant sales, excluding depreciation and amortization55,724  163,943 
Costs of franchise and license revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization44,414  55,929 
General and administrative expenses20,895  37,264 
Depreciation and amortization8,204  11,281 
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net3,100  (35,368)
  Total operating costs and expenses, net132,337  233,049 
Operating income4,519  70,246 
Interest expense, net8,898  10,789 
Other nonoperating expense (income), net12,328  (1,696)
Income (loss) before income taxes(16,707) 61,153 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes(2,755) 11,424 
Net income (loss)$(13,952) $49,729 
      
      
Basic net income (loss) per share$(0.25) $0.82 
Diluted net income (loss) per share$(0.25) $0.79 
      
Basic weighted average shares outstanding55,993  60,970 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding55,993  62,937 
      
Comprehensive income (loss)$(42,209) $26,962 
    
General and Administrative Expenses Two Quarters Ended
(In thousands)6/24/20 6/26/19
Corporate administrative expenses$21,482  $25,305 
Share-based compensation(26) 4,966 
Incentive compensation15  5,457 
Deferred compensation valuation adjustments(576) 1,536 
 Total general and administrative expenses$20,895  $37,264 


DENNY’S CORPORATION
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(Unaudited)

The Company believes that, in addition to GAAP measures, certain other non-GAAP financial measures are appropriate indicators to assist in the evaluation of operating performance on a period-to-period basis. The Company uses Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Free Cash Flow, Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted Net Income (Loss) Per Share internally as performance measures for planning purposes, including the preparation of annual operating budgets, and for compensation purposes, including bonuses for certain employees. Adjusted EBITDA is also used to evaluate the ability to service debt because the excluded charges do not have an impact on prospective debt servicing capability and these adjustments are contemplated in the Company's credit facility for the computation of its debt covenant ratios. The Company defines Adjusted Free Cash Flow for a given period as Adjusted EBITDA less the cash portion of interest expense net of interest income, capital expenditures, and cash taxes. Management believes that the presentation of Adjusted Free Cash Flow provides useful information to investors because it represents a liquidity measure used to evaluate, among other things, operating effectiveness and is used in decisions regarding the allocation of resources. However, each of these non-GAAP financial measures should be considered as a supplement to, not a substitute for, operating income (loss), net income (loss) or other financial performance and liquidity measures prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 Quarter Ended Two Quarters Ended
(In thousands, except per share amounts)6/24/20 6/26/19 6/24/20 6/26/19
Net income (loss)$(22,965) $34,239  $(13,952) $49,729 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes(5,074) 6,767  (2,755) 11,424 
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net1,627  (26,433) 3,100  (35,368)
Other nonoperating expense (income), net9,565  (273) 12,328  (1,696)
Share-based compensation1,511  2,713  (26) 4,966 
Deferred compensation plan valuation adjustments1,940  385  (576) 1,536 
Interest expense, net4,947  5,382  8,898  10,789 
Depreciation and amortization4,058  5,048  8,204  11,281 
Cash payments for restructuring charges and exit costs(690) (629) (1,374) (1,380)
Cash payments for share-based compensation    (3,211) (3,531)
Adjusted EBITDA$(5,081) $27,199  $10,636  $47,750 
        
Cash interest expense, net(4,717) (5,122) (8,437) (10,270)
Cash paid for income taxes, net(53) (11,625) (277) (11,992)
Cash paid for capital expenditures(1,658) (3,668) (4,476) (11,483)
Adjusted Free Cash Flow$(11,509) $6,784  $(2,554) $14,005 
        
 Quarter Ended Two Quarters Ended
(In thousands, except per share amounts)6/24/20 6/26/19 6/24/20 6/26/19
Net income (loss)$(22,965) $34,239  $(13,952) $49,729 
Losses on interest rate swap derivatives11,466    11,466   
(Gains) losses on sales of assets and other, net12  (26,839) (1,058) (36,314)
Impairment charges    2,181   
Tax effect (1)(2,168) 6,935  (2,396) 9,384 
Adjusted Net Income (Loss)$(13,655) $14,335  $(3,759) $22,799 
        
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding55,686  62,082  55,993  62,937 
        
Diluted Net Income (Loss) Per Share$(0.41) $0.55  $(0.25) $0.79 
Adjustments Per Share$0.16  $(0.32) $0.18  $(0.43)
Adjusted Net Income (Loss) Per Share$(0.25) $0.23  $(0.07) $0.36 


(1)Tax adjustments for the reclassification of losses related to derivatives are calculated using an effective tax rate of 25.7% for the quarter and year-to-date periods ended June 24, 2020. Tax adjustments for all other items for the quarter and year-to-date periods ended June 24, 2020 are calculated using an effective rate of 5.4% and 8.8%, respectively. Tax adjustments for the gains on sales of assets and other, net for the quarter and year-to-date periods ended June 26, 2019 are calculated using an effective tax rate of 25.8%.


DENNY’S CORPORATION
Reconciliation of Operating Income (Loss) to Non-GAAP Financial Measures
(Unaudited)

The Company believes that, in addition to GAAP measures, certain other non-GAAP financial measures are appropriate indicators to assist in the evaluation of restaurant-level operating efficiency and performance of ongoing restaurant-level operations. The Company uses Total Operating Margin, Company Restaurant Operating Margin and Franchise Operating Margin internally as performance measures for planning purposes, including the preparation of annual operating budgets, and these three non-GAAP measures are used to evaluate operating effectiveness.

The Company defines Total Operating Margin as operating income excluding the following three items: general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, and operating (gains), losses and other charges, net. Total Operating Margin is presented as a percent of total operating revenue. The Company excludes general and administrative expenses, which include primarily non-restaurant-level costs associated with support of company and franchised restaurants and other activities at their corporate office. The Company excludes depreciation and amortization expense, substantially all of which is related to company restaurant-level assets, because such expenses represent historical sunk costs which do not reflect current cash outlays for the restaurants. The Company excludes special items, included within operating (gains), losses and other charges, net, to provide investors with a clearer perspective of its ongoing operating performance and a more relevant comparison to prior period results.

Total Operating Margin is the total of Company Restaurant Operating Margin and Franchise Operating Margin. The Company defines Company Restaurant Operating Margin as company restaurant sales less costs of company restaurant sales (which include product costs, company restaurant level payroll and benefits, occupancy costs, and other operating costs including utilities, repairs and maintenance, marketing and other expenses) and presents it as a percent of company restaurant sales. The Company defines Franchise Operating Margin as franchise and license revenue (which includes franchise royalties and other non-food and beverage revenue streams such as initial franchise fees, advertising revenue and occupancy revenue) less costs of franchise and license revenue and presents it as a percent of franchise and license revenue.

These non-GAAP financial measures provide a meaningful comparison between periods and enable investors to focus on the performance of restaurant-level operations by excluding revenues and costs unrelated to food and beverage sales in addition to corporate general and administrative expense, depreciation and amortization, and operating (gains), losses and other charges, net. However, each of these non-GAAP financial measures should be considered as a supplement to, not a substitute for, operating income (loss), net income (loss) or other financial performance measures prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Total Operating Margin, Company Restaurant Operating Margin and Franchise Operating Margin do not accrue directly to the benefit of shareholders because of the aforementioned excluded items, and are not indicative of the overall results for the Company.

 Quarter Ended Two Quarters Ended
(In thousands)6/24/20 6/26/19 6/24/20 6/26/19
Operating income (loss)$(13,527) $46,115  $4,519 $70,246 
General and administrative expenses13,153  18,453  20,895 37,264 
Depreciation and amortization4,058  5,048  8,204 11,281 
Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net1,627  (26,433) 3,100 (35,368)
  Total Operating Margin$5,311  $43,183  $36,718 $83,423 
        
Total Operating Margin consists of:       
 Company Restaurant Operating Margin (1)$(4,478) $15,617  $1,695 $30,049 
 Franchise Operating Margin (2)9,789  27,566  35,023 53,374 
  Total Operating Margin$5,311  $43,183  $36,718 $83,423 


(1)Company Restaurant Operating Margin is calculated as operating income (loss) plus general and administrative expenses; depreciation and amortization; operating (gains), losses and other charges; and costs of franchise and license revenue; less franchise and license revenue. 
(2)Franchise Operating Margin is calculated as operating income (loss) plus general and administrative expenses; depreciation and amortization; operating (gains), losses and other charges; and costs of company restaurant sales; less company restaurant sales. 
 
DENNY’S CORPORATION
Operating Margins
(Unaudited)
       
    Quarter Ended
(In thousands)6/24/20 6/26/19
Company restaurant operations: (1)     
 Company restaurant sales$15,128  100.0% $95,447  100.0%
 Costs of company restaurant sales:     
  Product costs4,305  28.5% 23,363  24.5%
  Payroll and benefits8,039  53.1% 36,866  38.6%
  Occupancy2,728  18.0% 5,498  5.8%
  Other operating costs:     
   Utilities1,098  7.3% 3,106  3.3%
   Repairs and maintenance428  2.8% 2,080  2.2%
   Marketing607  4.0% 3,239  3.4%
   Other direct costs2,401  15.9% 5,678  5.9%
 Total costs of company restaurant sales$19,606  129.6% $79,830  83.6%
 Company restaurant operating margin (non-GAAP) (2)$(4,478) (29.6)% $15,617  16.4%
         
Franchise operations: (3)     
 Franchise and license revenue:     
 Royalties$6,719  26.8% $26,672  47.3%
 Advertising revenue7,232  28.9% 19,884  35.2%
 Initial and other fees1,346  5.4% 1,755  3.1%
 Occupancy revenue9,736  38.9% 8,126  14.4%
 Total franchise and license revenue$25,033  100.0% $56,437  100.0%
         
 Costs of franchise and license revenue:     
 Advertising costs$7,232  28.9% $19,884  35.2%
 Occupancy costs5,829  23.3% 5,512  9.8%
 Other direct costs2,183  8.7% 3,475  6.2%
 Total costs of franchise and license revenue$15,244  60.9% $28,871  51.2%
 Franchise operating margin (non-GAAP) (2)$9,789  39.1% $27,566  48.8%
         
Total operating revenue (4)$40,161  100.0% $151,884  100.0%
Total costs of operating revenue (4)34,850  86.8% 108,701  71.6%
Total operating margin (non-GAAP) (4)(2)$5,311  13.2% $43,183  28.4%
         
Other operating expenses: (4)(2)     
 General and administrative expenses$13,153  32.8% $18,453  12.1%
 Depreciation and amortization4,058  10.1% 5,048  3.3%
 Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net1,627  4.1% (26,433) (17.4)%
 Total other operating expenses$18,838  46.9% $(2,932) (1.9)%
         
Operating income (loss) (4)$(13,527) (33.7)% $46,115  30.4%
         
(1)As a percentage of company restaurant sales.
(2)Other operating expenses such as general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization relate to both company and franchise operations and are not allocated to costs of company restaurant sales and costs of franchise and license revenue. As such, operating margin is considered a non-GAAP financial measure. Operating margins should be considered as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, operating income (loss), net income (loss) or other financial measures prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
(3)As a percentage of franchise and license revenue.
(4)As a percentage of total operating revenue.


DENNY’S CORPORATION
Operating Margins
(Unaudited)
       
    Two Quarters Ended
(In thousands)6/24/20 6/26/19
Company restaurant operations: (1)     
 Company restaurant sales$57,419 100.0% $193,992  100.0%
 Costs of company restaurant sales:     
  Product costs14,435 25.1% 47,268  24.4%
  Payroll and benefits25,145 43.8% 76,698  39.5%
  Occupancy5,891 10.3% 11,282  5.8%
  Other operating costs:     
   Utilities2,534 4.4% 6,478  3.3%
   Repairs and maintenance1,217 2.1% 3,968  2.0%
   Marketing1,726 3.0% 6,946  3.6%
   Other direct costs4,776 8.3% 11,303  5.8%
 Total costs of company restaurant sales$55,724 97.0% $163,943  84.5%
 Company restaurant operating margin (non-GAAP) (2)$1,695 3.0% $30,049  15.5%
         
Franchise operations: (3)     
 Franchise and license revenue:     
 Royalties$30,566 38.5% $51,912  47.5%
 Advertising revenue24,758 31.2% 38,826  35.5%
 Initial and other fees3,043 3.8% 2,894  2.6%
 Occupancy revenue21,070 26.5% 15,671  14.3%
 Total franchise and license revenue$79,437 100.0% $109,303  100.0%
         
 Costs of franchise and license revenue:     
 Advertising costs$24,758 31.2% $38,826  35.5%
 Occupancy costs13,238 16.7% 10,761  9.8%
 Other direct costs6,418 8.1% 6,342  5.8%
 Total costs of franchise and license revenue$44,414 55.9% $55,929  51.2%
 Franchise operating margin (non-GAAP) (2)$35,023 44.1% $53,374  48.8%
         
Total operating revenue (4)$136,856 100.0% $303,295  100.0%
Total costs of operating revenue (4)100,138 73.2% 219,872  72.5%
Total operating margin (non-GAAP) (4)(2)$36,718 26.8% $83,423  27.5%
         
Other operating expenses: (4)(2)     
 General and administrative expenses$20,895 15.3% $37,264  12.3%
 Depreciation and amortization8,204 6.0% 11,281  3.7%
 Operating (gains), losses and other charges, net3,100 2.3% (35,368) (11.7)%
 Total other operating expenses$32,199 23.5% $13,177  4.3%
         
Operating income (4)$4,519 3.3% $70,246  23.2%
         
(1)As a percentage of company restaurant sales.
(2)Other operating expenses such as general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization relate to both company and franchise operations and are not allocated to costs of company restaurant sales and costs of franchise and license revenue. As such, operating margin is considered a non-GAAP financial measure. Operating margin should be considered as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, operating income (loss), net income (loss) or other financial measures prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
(3)As a percentage of franchise and license revenue.
(4)As a percentage of total operating revenue.


DENNY’S CORPORATION
Statistical Data
(Unaudited)
          
Changes in Same-Store Sales (1)Quarter Ended Two Quarters Ended
(increase (decrease) vs. prior year)6/24/20 6/26/19 6/24/20 6/26/19
 Company Restaurants(64.9)% 4.4% (35.9)% 2.9%
 Domestic Franchised Restaurants(56.1)% 3.7% (28.4)% 2.5%
 Domestic System-wide Restaurants(56.9)% 3.8% (29.1)% 2.5%
          
Average Unit SalesQuarter Ended Two Quarters Ended
(In thousands)6/24/20 6/26/19 6/24/20 6/26/19
 Company Restaurants$246  $612  $890  $1,193 
 Franchised Restaurants$183  $419  $589  $821 
          
     Franchised    
Restaurant Unit ActivityCompany & Licensed Total  
Ending Units March 25, 202067  1,628  1,695   
 Units Opened  3  3   
 Units Closed  (15) (15)  
  Net Change  (12) (12)  
Ending Units June 24, 202067  1,616  1,683   
          
Equivalent Units       
 Second Quarter 202062  1,622  1,684   
 Second Quarter 2019156  1,543  1,699   
  Net Change(94) 79  (15)  
          
     Franchised    
Restaurant Unit ActivityCompany & Licensed Total  
Ending Units December 25, 201968  1,635  1,703   
 Units Opened  11  11   
 Units Closed(1) (30) (31)  
  Net Change(1) (19) (20)  
Ending Units June 24, 202067  1,616  1,683   
          
Equivalent Units       
 Year-to-Date 202064  1,627  1,691   
 Year-to-Date 2019163  1,539  1,702   
  Net Change(99) 88  (11)  
          
(1)Same-store sales include sales at company restaurants and non-consolidated franchised and licensed restaurants that were open the same period in the prior year. Total operating revenue is limited to company restaurant sales and royalties, advertising revenue, fees and occupancy revenue from non-consolidated franchised and licensed restaurants. Accordingly, domestic franchise same-store sales and domestic system-wide same-store sales should be considered as a supplement to, not a substitute for, the Company's results as reported under GAAP.

Investor Contact:
Curt Nichols
877-784-7167

Media Contact:
Hadas Streit, Allison+Partners
646-428-0629

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